Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report Metadata

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  • Main Title Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report


  • Author: Nakafuji, Dora
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Dangelmaier, Lisa
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Reynolds, Chris
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization
  • Sponsor: USDOE EE Office of Wind and Hydropower Technologies (EE-2B)
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: Hawaiian Electric Company
    Place of Publication: United States


  • Creation: 2012-07-15


  • English


  • Content Description: To advance the state and nation toward clean energy, Hawaii is pursuing an aggressive Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), 40% renewable generation and 30% energy efficiency and transportation initiatives by 2030. Additionally, with support from federal, state and industry leadership, the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is focused on reducing Hawaii's carbon footprint and global warming impacts. To keep pace with the policy momentum and changing industry technologies, the Hawaiian Electric Companies are proactively pursuing a number of potential system upgrade initiatives to better manage variable resources like wind, solar and demand-side and distributed generation alternatives (i.e. DSM, DG). As variable technologies will continue to play a significant role in powering the future grid, practical strategies for utility integration are needed. Hawaiian utilities are already contending with some of the highest penetrations of renewables in the nation in both large-scale and distributed technologies. With island grids supporting a diverse renewable generation portfolio at penetration levels surpassing 40%, the Hawaiian utilities experiences can offer unique perspective on practical integration strategies. Efforts pursued in this industry and federal collaborative project tackled challenging issues facing the electric power industry around the world. Based on interactions with a number of western utilities and building on decades of national and international renewable integration experiences, three priority initiatives were targeted by Hawaiian utilities to accelerate integration and management of variable renewables for the islands. The three initiatives included: Initiative 1: Enabling reliable, real-time wind forecasting for operations by improving short-term wind forecasting and ramp event modeling capabilities with local site, field monitoring; Initiative 2: Improving operators situational awareness to variable resources via real-time grid condition monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will help guide Hawaii and the nation toward more reliable adoption of clean energy resources. Results from these efforts are helping to inform Hawaiian utilities continue to Transform infrastructure, Incorporate renewable considerations and priorities into new processes/procedures, and Demonstrate the technical effectiveness and feasibility of new technologies to shape our pathways forward. Lessons learned and experience captured as part of this effort will hopefully provide practical guidance for others embarking on major legacy infrastructure transformations and renewable integration projects.
  • Physical Description: 6 MB; 80 pages


  • Keyword: Remote Sensing
  • Keyword: Electric Power Industry
  • Keyword: Automation
  • STI Subject Categories: 17 Wind Energy
  • Keyword: Compatibility
  • Keyword: Decision Making
  • Keyword: National Government
  • Keyword: Hawaii
  • Keyword: Integrated Energy Utility Systems
  • Keyword: Resolution
  • Keyword: Greenhouse Effect
  • Keyword: Planning
  • Keyword: Wind Forecasting, Sodar, Windnet, Observational Targeting, Remote Sensing
  • Keyword: Management
  • Keyword: Carbon Footprint
  • Keyword: Monitoring
  • Keyword: Radiometers
  • Keyword: Implementation
  • Keyword: Wind Power Wind Forecasting, Sodar, Windnet, Observational Targeting, Remote Sensing
  • Keyword: Maintenance
  • Keyword: Energy Efficiency
  • Keyword: Transformations


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • Report No.: DOE/EE0001379-1
  • Grant Number: EE0001379
  • DOI: 10.2172/1049311
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1049311
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc835819