Extremely NA and CL Rich Chondrule AL3509 from the Allende Meteorite

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We report on the mineralogy, petrology, chemistry, oxygen isotopes, {sup 26}Al-{sup 26}Mg and {sup 36}Cl-{sup 36}S isotope systematics of the Allende chondrule Al3509 discovered and described by [1] and [2]. This spherical object ({approx}1cm {phi}) contains {approx}10% Na and 1% Cl, and nearly pure {sup 129}Xe [({sup 129}Xe/{sup 127}I) = 1.1 x 10{sup -4} (3)]. This high enrichment in halogens makes it of interest in searching for radiogenic {sup 36}S from {sup 36}Cl (t{sub 1/2} {approx} 0.3 Ma) decay. While there is strong evidence for the presence of {sup 36}Cl in sodalite and wadalite in CV CAIs [4,5], some sodalites ... continued below

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Wasserburg, G J; Hutcheon, I D; Aleon, J; Ramon, E C; Krot, A N; Nagashima, K et al. April 7, 2011.

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We report on the mineralogy, petrology, chemistry, oxygen isotopes, {sup 26}Al-{sup 26}Mg and {sup 36}Cl-{sup 36}S isotope systematics of the Allende chondrule Al3509 discovered and described by [1] and [2]. This spherical object ({approx}1cm {phi}) contains {approx}10% Na and 1% Cl, and nearly pure {sup 129}Xe [({sup 129}Xe/{sup 127}I) = 1.1 x 10{sup -4} (3)]. This high enrichment in halogens makes it of interest in searching for radiogenic {sup 36}S from {sup 36}Cl (t{sub 1/2} {approx} 0.3 Ma) decay. While there is strong evidence for the presence of {sup 36}Cl in sodalite and wadalite in CV CAIs [4,5], some sodalites show no evidence for excesses of {sup 36}S ({sup 36}S*). In contrast, high inferred initial {sup 36}Cl/{sup 35}Cl = 2 x 10{sup -5} has been found in wadalite from the Allende CAI AJEF [5]. The observed {sup 36}S excesses in sodalite are not correlated with radiogenic {sup 26}Mg, decay product of {sup 26}Al (t{sub 1/2} {approx} 0.72 Ma) [4]. From the inferred initial {sup 36}Cl/{sup 35}Cl ratios and consideration of both AGB and SNe stellar sources, {sup 36}Cl must be the product of charged particle irradiation within the early solar system. However, neither the specific nuclear production mechanism nor the irradiation site have been identified. Both sodalite and wadalite are found as late stage alteration products of CAIs together with grossular, monticellite, Al-rich pyroxene, wollastonite, nepheline, ferroan olivine, and ferroan pyroxenes. This late-stage alteration has been found to extensively change some CAIs in Allende, but clear residues of spinel, hibonite and Wark-Lovering rims are recognizable remnants of the original CAIs. The nature of the widespread volatile alteration process as well as that of the fluid phase remain controversial.

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  • Presented at: 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science COnference (2011), The Woodlands, TX, United States, Mar 07 - Mar 11, 2011

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  • Report No.: LLNL-CONF-479981
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1022895
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc835737

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  • April 7, 2011

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 8:03 p.m.

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Wasserburg, G J; Hutcheon, I D; Aleon, J; Ramon, E C; Krot, A N; Nagashima, K et al. Extremely NA and CL Rich Chondrule AL3509 from the Allende Meteorite, article, April 7, 2011; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc835737/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.