Operating Reserve Implication of Alternative Implementations of an Energy Imbalance Service on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection: Preprint

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During the past few years, there has been significant interest in alternative ways to manage power systems over a larger effective electrical footprint. Large regional transmission organizations in the Eastern Interconnection have effectively consolidated balancing areas, achieving significant economies of scale that result in a reduction in required reserves. Conversely, in the Western Interconnection there are many balancing areas, which will result in challenges if there is significant wind and solar energy development in the region. A recent proposal to the Western Electricity Coordinating Council suggests a regional energy imbalance service (EIS). To evaluate this EIS, a number of analyses ... continued below

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10 p.

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Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J. & Beuning, S. July 1, 2011.

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During the past few years, there has been significant interest in alternative ways to manage power systems over a larger effective electrical footprint. Large regional transmission organizations in the Eastern Interconnection have effectively consolidated balancing areas, achieving significant economies of scale that result in a reduction in required reserves. Conversely, in the Western Interconnection there are many balancing areas, which will result in challenges if there is significant wind and solar energy development in the region. A recent proposal to the Western Electricity Coordinating Council suggests a regional energy imbalance service (EIS). To evaluate this EIS, a number of analyses are in process or are planned. This paper describes one part of an analysis of the EIS's implication on operating reserves under several alternative scenarios of the market footprint and participation. We improve on the operating reserves method utilized in the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study and apply this modified approach to data from the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study.

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10 p.

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  • Presented at the 2011 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 24-29 July 2011, Detroit, Michigan

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  • Report No.: NREL/CP-5500-51343
  • Grant Number: AC36-08GO28308
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1023097
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc832997

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  • July 1, 2011

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • April 4, 2017, 12:59 p.m.

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Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J. & Beuning, S. Operating Reserve Implication of Alternative Implementations of an Energy Imbalance Service on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection: Preprint, article, July 1, 2011; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc832997/: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.