Unitarity Constraints on Asymmetric Freeze-In

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This paper considers unitarity and CPT constraints on asymmetric freeze-in, the use of freeze-in to store baryon number in a dark sector. In this scenario, Sakharov's out of equilibrium condition is satisfied by placing the visible and hidden sectors at different temperatures while a net visible baryon number is produced by storing negative baryon number in a dark sector. It is shown that unitarity and CPT lead to unexpected cancellations. In particular, the transfer of baryon number cancels completely at leading order. This note has shown that if two sectors are in thermal equilibrium with themselves, but not with each ... continued below

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15 pages

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Hook, Anson August 15, 2011.

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This paper considers unitarity and CPT constraints on asymmetric freeze-in, the use of freeze-in to store baryon number in a dark sector. In this scenario, Sakharov's out of equilibrium condition is satisfied by placing the visible and hidden sectors at different temperatures while a net visible baryon number is produced by storing negative baryon number in a dark sector. It is shown that unitarity and CPT lead to unexpected cancellations. In particular, the transfer of baryon number cancels completely at leading order. This note has shown that if two sectors are in thermal equilibrium with themselves, but not with each other, then the leading effect transferring conserved quantities between the two sectors is of order the the weak coupling connecting them to the third power. When freeze-in is used to produce a net baryon number density, the leading order effect comes from {Omicron}({lambda}{sup 3}) diagrams where the intermediate state that goes on-shell has a different visible baryon number than the final state visible baryon number. Models in which the correct baryon number is generated with freeze-in as the dominant source of abundance, typically require {lambda} {approx}> 10{sup -6} and m{sub bath} {approx}> TeV. m{sub bath} is the mass of the visible particle which communicates with the hidden sector. The lower window is potentially observable at the LHC.

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15 pages

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  • Journal Name: Phys.Rev.D84:055003,2011

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  • Report No.: SLAC-PUB-14457
  • Grant Number: AC02-76SF00515
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1022543
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc832795

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • August 15, 2011

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Sept. 26, 2017, 3:04 p.m.

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Hook, Anson. Unitarity Constraints on Asymmetric Freeze-In, article, August 15, 2011; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc832795/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.