Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint Metadata

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  • Main Title Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint


  • Author: Ramroth, L. A.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Gonder, J.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Brooker, A.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: Vehicle Technologies Program (U.S.)
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Vehicle Technologies Program


  • Name: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
    Place of Publication: Golden, Colorado
    Additional Info: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.


  • Creation: 2012-09-01


  • English


  • Content Description: The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.
  • Physical Description: 13 p.


  • Keyword: Hev
  • Keyword: Simulation
  • STI Subject Categories: 32 Energy Conservation, Consumption, And Utilization
  • Keyword: Drive Cycles
  • Keyword: Phev
  • Keyword: Duty Cycles
  • STI Subject Categories: 33 Advanced Propulsion Systems Medium-Duty
  • Keyword: Medium-Duty
  • Keyword: Transportation


  • Conference: Presented at the International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium 26 (EVS26), 6-9 May 2012, Los Angeles, California


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Report No.: NREL/CP-5400-53983
  • Grant Number: AC36-08GO28308
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1051901
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc831986