Assessment of neutron skyshine near unmodified Accumulator Debuncher storage rings under Mu2e operational conditions

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Preliminary plans for providing the proton beam needed by the proposed Mu2e experiment at Fermilab will require the transport of 8 GeV protons to the Accumulator/Debuncher where they be processed into an intensity and time structure useful for the experiment. The intensities involved are far greater that those encountered with antiprotons of the same kinetic energy in the same beam enclosures under Tevatron Collider operational conditions, the operating parameters for which the physical facilities of the Antiproton Source were designed. This note explores some important ramifications of the proposed operation for radiation safety and demonstrates the need for extensive modifications ... continued below

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12 pages

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Cossairt, J.Donald December 1, 2010.

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Preliminary plans for providing the proton beam needed by the proposed Mu2e experiment at Fermilab will require the transport of 8 GeV protons to the Accumulator/Debuncher where they be processed into an intensity and time structure useful for the experiment. The intensities involved are far greater that those encountered with antiprotons of the same kinetic energy in the same beam enclosures under Tevatron Collider operational conditions, the operating parameters for which the physical facilities of the Antiproton Source were designed. This note explores some important ramifications of the proposed operation for radiation safety and demonstrates the need for extensive modifications of significant portions of the shielding of the Accumulator Debuncher storage rings; notably that underneath the AP Service Buildings AP10, AP30, and AP50. While existing shielding is adequate for the current operating mode of the Accumulator/Debuncher as part of the Antiproton Source used in the Tevatron Collider program, without significant modifications of the shielding configuration in the Accumulator/Debuncher region and/or beam loss control systems far more effective than seen in most applications at Fermilab, the proposed operational mode for Mu2e is not viable for the following reasons: 1. Due to skyshine alone, under normal operational conditions large areas of the Fermilab site would be exposed to unacceptable levels of radiation where most of the Laboratory workforce and some members of the general public who regularly visit Fermilab would receive measurable doses annually, contrary to workforce, public, and DOE expectations concerning the As Low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) principle. 2. Under normal operational conditions, a sizeable region of the Fermilab site would also require fencing due to skyshine. The size of the areas involved would likely invite public inquiry about the significant and visible enlargement of Fermilab's posted radiological areas. 3. There would be aesthetics questions about the employment of so much new fencing on the Fermilab site. 4. The assumption of only 1.0% 'normal condition' beam losses over the three locations is regarded as being extremely optimistic. Thus, it is evident that it is necessary to pursue shielding improvements to support viable operation of the Mu2e experiment.

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12 pages

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-TM-2481-ESH
  • Grant Number: AC02-07CH11359
  • DOI: 10.2172/1001998 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1001998
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc831596

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  • December 1, 2010

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Dec. 2, 2016, 8:21 p.m.

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Cossairt, J.Donald. Assessment of neutron skyshine near unmodified Accumulator Debuncher storage rings under Mu2e operational conditions, report, December 1, 2010; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc831596/: accessed July 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.