Quantum Vacuum Structure and Cosmology

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Contemporary physics faces three great riddles that lie at the intersection of quantum theory, particle physics and cosmology. They are: (1) The expansion of the universe is accelerating - an extra factor of two appears in the size; (2) Zero-point fluctuations do not gravitate - a matter of 120 orders of magnitude; and (3) The 'True' quantum vacuum state does not gravitate. The latter two are explicitly problems related to the interpretation and the physical role and relation of the quantum vacuum with and in general relativity. Their resolution may require a major advance in our formulation and understanding of ... continued below

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8 pages

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Rafelski, Johann; Labun, Lance; Hadad, Yaron; U., /Arizona U. /Munich; Chen, Pisin & /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC December 5, 2011.

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Contemporary physics faces three great riddles that lie at the intersection of quantum theory, particle physics and cosmology. They are: (1) The expansion of the universe is accelerating - an extra factor of two appears in the size; (2) Zero-point fluctuations do not gravitate - a matter of 120 orders of magnitude; and (3) The 'True' quantum vacuum state does not gravitate. The latter two are explicitly problems related to the interpretation and the physical role and relation of the quantum vacuum with and in general relativity. Their resolution may require a major advance in our formulation and understanding of a common unified approach to quantum physics and gravity. To achieve this goal we must develop an experimental basis and much of the discussion we present is devoted to this task. In the following, we examine the observations and the theory contributing to the current framework comprising these riddles. We consider an interpretation of the first riddle within the context of the universe's quantum vacuum state, and propose an experimental concept to probe the vacuum state of the universe.

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8 pages

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  • Journal Name: arXiv:0909.2989; Conference: Lectures given at 10th Workshop on Non-Perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics, Paris, France, 8-12 Jun 2009

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  • Report No.: SLAC-PUB-14831
  • Grant Number: AC02-76SF00515
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1030937
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc831544

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • December 5, 2011

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2016, 7:17 p.m.

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Rafelski, Johann; Labun, Lance; Hadad, Yaron; U., /Arizona U. /Munich; Chen, Pisin & /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC. Quantum Vacuum Structure and Cosmology, article, December 5, 2011; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc831544/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.