Biorefinery and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Research

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In this project we focused on several aspects of technology development that advances the formation of an integrated biorefinery. These focus areas include: [1] establishment of pyrolysis processing systems and characterization of the product oils for fuel applications, including engine testing of a preferred product and its pro forma economic analysis; [2] extraction of sugars through a novel hotwater extaction process, and the development of levoglucosan (a pyrolysis BioOil intermediate); [3] identification and testing of the use of biochar, the coproduct from pyrolysis, for soil applications; [4] developments in methods of atomic layer epitaxy (for efficient development of coatings as ... continued below

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Das, K. C.; Adams, Thomas T.; Eiteman, Mark A.; Stickney, John; Peterson, Joy Doran; Kastner, James R. et al. June 12, 2012.

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Description

In this project we focused on several aspects of technology development that advances the formation of an integrated biorefinery. These focus areas include: [1] establishment of pyrolysis processing systems and characterization of the product oils for fuel applications, including engine testing of a preferred product and its pro forma economic analysis; [2] extraction of sugars through a novel hotwater extaction process, and the development of levoglucosan (a pyrolysis BioOil intermediate); [3] identification and testing of the use of biochar, the coproduct from pyrolysis, for soil applications; [4] developments in methods of atomic layer epitaxy (for efficient development of coatings as in fuel cells); [5] advancement in fermentation of lignocellulosics, [6] development of algal biomass as a potential substrate for the biorefinery, and [7] development of catalysts from coproducts. These advancements are intended to provide a diverse set of product choices within the biorefinery, thus improving the cost effectiveness of the system. Technical effectiveness was demonstrated in the pyrolysis biooil based diesel fuel supplement, sugar extraction from lignocelluose, use of biochar, production of algal biomass in wastewaters, and the development of catalysts. Economic feasibility of algal biomass production systems seems attractive, relative to the other options. However, further optimization in all paths, and testing/demonstration at larger scales are required to fully understand the economic viabilities. The various coproducts provide a clear picture that multiple streams of value can be generated within an integrated biorefinery, and these include fuels and products.

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8.3 MB

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  • Report No.: DOE-GO85012-1
  • Grant Number: FG36-05GO85012
  • DOI: 10.2172/1042950 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1042950
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc831464

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  • June 12, 2012

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • July 22, 2016, 7:40 p.m.

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Das, K. C.; Adams, Thomas T.; Eiteman, Mark A.; Stickney, John; Peterson, Joy Doran; Kastner, James R. et al. Biorefinery and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Research, report, June 12, 2012; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc831464/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.