Measurements of isotope effects in the photoionization of N2 and implications for Titan's atmosphere Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Measurements of isotope effects in the photoionization of N2 and implications for Titan's atmosphere

Creator

  • Author: Croteau, Philip
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Randazzo, John B.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Kostko, Oleg
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Ahmed, Musahid
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Liang, Mao-Chang
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Yung, Yuk L.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Boering, Kristie A.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Basic Energy Sciences.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: Chemical Sciences Division

Publisher

  • Name: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Berkeley, California
    Additional Info: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)

Date

  • Creation: 2010-12-30

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: Isotope effects in the non-dissociative photoionization of molecular nitrogen (N2 + h nu -> N2+ + e-) may play a role in determining the relative abundances of isotopic species containing nitrogen in interstellar clouds and planetary atmospheres but have not been previously measured. Measurements of the photoionization efficiency spectra of 14N2, 15N14N, and 15N2 from 15.5 to 18.9 eV (65.6-80.0 nm) using the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory show large differences in peak energies and intensities, with the ratio of the energy-dependent photoionization cross-sections, sigma(14N2)/sigma(15N14N), ranging from 0.4 to 3.5. Convolving the cross-sections with the solar flux and integrating over the energies measured, the ratios of photoionization rate coefficients are J(15N14N)/J(14N2)=1.00+-0.02 and J(15N2)/J(14N2)=1.00+-0.02, suggesting that isotopic fractionation between N2 and N2+ should be small under such conditions. In contrast, in a one-dimensional model of Titan's atmosphere, isotopic self-shielding of 14N2 leads to values of J(15N14N)/J(14N2) as large as ~;;1.17, larger than under optically thin conditions but still much smaller than values as high as ~;;29 predicted for N2 photodissociation. Since modeled photodissociation isotope effects overpredict the HC15N/HC14N ratio in Titan's atmosphere, and since both N atoms and N2+ ions may ultimately lead to the formation of HCN, estimates of the potential of including N2 photoionization to contribute to a more quantitative explanation of 15N/14N for HCN in Titan's atmosphere are explored.

Subject

  • Keyword: Spectra Atmospheres, Titan, Astrochemistry, Composition, Clouds
  • Keyword: Efficiency
  • Keyword: Atmospheres, Titan, Astrochemistry, Composition, Clouds
  • Keyword: Clouds
  • Keyword: Nitrogen
  • Keyword: Self-Shielding
  • Keyword: Fractionation
  • Keyword: Atoms
  • STI Subject Categories: 37
  • Keyword: Solar Flux
  • STI Subject Categories: 99
  • Keyword: Cross Sections
  • Keyword: Planetary Atmospheres
  • Keyword: Advanced Light Source
  • Keyword: Isotope Effects
  • Keyword: Photoionization

Source

  • Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Report No.: LBNL-4202E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1004410
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc829751