Escape from Vela X

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While the Vela pulsar and its associated nebula are often considered as the archetype of a system powered by a {approx} 10{sup 4} year old isolated neutron star, many features of the spectral energy distribution of this pulsar wind nebula are both puzzling and unusual. Here we develop a model that for the first time relates the main structures in the system, the extended radio nebula (ERN) and the X-ray cocoon through continuous injection of particles with a fixed spectral shape. We argue that diffusive escape of particles from the ERN can explain the steep Fermi-LAT spectrum. In this scenario ... continued below

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Hinton, J.; U., /Leicester; Funk, S.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Parsons, R.D.; U., /Leeds et al. February 15, 2012.

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While the Vela pulsar and its associated nebula are often considered as the archetype of a system powered by a {approx} 10{sup 4} year old isolated neutron star, many features of the spectral energy distribution of this pulsar wind nebula are both puzzling and unusual. Here we develop a model that for the first time relates the main structures in the system, the extended radio nebula (ERN) and the X-ray cocoon through continuous injection of particles with a fixed spectral shape. We argue that diffusive escape of particles from the ERN can explain the steep Fermi-LAT spectrum. In this scenario Vela X should produce a distinct feature in the locally-measured cosmic ray electron spectrum at very high energies. This prediction can be tested in the future using the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). If particles are indeed released early in the evolution of PWNe and can avoid severe adiabatic losses, PWN provide a natural explanation for the rising positron fraction in the local CR spectrum.

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  • Journal Name: Submitted to Astrophysical Journal Letters

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  • Report No.: SLAC-PUB-14680
  • Grant Number: AC02-76SF00515
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1035089
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc829559

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • February 15, 2012

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Nov. 28, 2016, 12:59 p.m.

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Hinton, J.; U., /Leicester; Funk, S.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Parsons, R.D.; U., /Leeds et al. Escape from Vela X, article, February 15, 2012; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc829559/: accessed April 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.