Two-dimensional Imaging Velocity Interferometry: Technique and Data Analysis

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We describe the data analysis procedures for an emerging interferometric technique for measuring motion across a two-dimensional image at a moment in time, i.e. a snapshot 2d-VISAR. Velocity interferometers (VISAR) measuring target motion to high precision have been an important diagnostic in shockwave physics for many years Until recently, this diagnostic has been limited to measuring motion at points or lines across a target. We introduce an emerging interferometric technique for measuring motion across a two-dimensional image, which could be called a snapshot 2d-VISAR. If a sufficiently fast movie camera technology existed, it could be placed behind a traditional VISAR ... continued below

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Erskine, D J; Smith, R F; Bolme, C; Celliers, P & Collins, G March 23, 2011.

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We describe the data analysis procedures for an emerging interferometric technique for measuring motion across a two-dimensional image at a moment in time, i.e. a snapshot 2d-VISAR. Velocity interferometers (VISAR) measuring target motion to high precision have been an important diagnostic in shockwave physics for many years Until recently, this diagnostic has been limited to measuring motion at points or lines across a target. We introduce an emerging interferometric technique for measuring motion across a two-dimensional image, which could be called a snapshot 2d-VISAR. If a sufficiently fast movie camera technology existed, it could be placed behind a traditional VISAR optical system and record a 2d image vs time. But since that technology is not yet available, we use a CCD detector to record a single 2d image, with the pulsed nature of the illumination providing the time resolution. Consequently, since we are using pulsed illumination having a coherence length shorter than the VISAR interferometer delay ({approx}0.1 ns), we must use the white light velocimetry configuration to produce fringes with significant visibility. In this scheme, two interferometers (illuminating, detecting) having nearly identical delays are used in series, with one before the target and one after. This produces fringes with at most 50% visibility, but otherwise has the same fringe shift per target motion of a traditional VISAR. The 2d-VISAR observes a new world of information about shock behavior not readily accessible by traditional point or 1d-VISARS, simultaneously providing both a velocity map and an 'ordinary' snapshot photograph of the target. The 2d-VISAR has been used to observe nonuniformities in NIF related targets (polycrystalline diamond, Be), and in Si and Al.

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PDF-file: 6 pages; size: 3.4 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: APS Shock Compression Condensed Matter, Chicago, IL, United States, Jun 26 - Jul 01, 2011

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  • Report No.: LLNL-PROC-486491
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 1022914
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc829475

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  • March 23, 2011

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  • May 19, 2016, 3:16 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 12:02 a.m.

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Erskine, D J; Smith, R F; Bolme, C; Celliers, P & Collins, G. Two-dimensional Imaging Velocity Interferometry: Technique and Data Analysis, article, March 23, 2011; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc829475/: accessed October 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.