Biological and Chemical Weapons: Criminal Sanctions and Federal Regulations Page: 2 of 12
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Biological and Chemical Weapons: Criminal Sanctions
and Federal Regulations
The Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention,
both of which have been signed and ratified by the United States, obligate signatory
parties to enact legislation or otherwise restrict the development, use, and acquisition
of biological and chemical weapons within their territorial jurisdiction. In
accordance with these obligations, the United States has enacted various federal
requirements and criminal sanctions applying to biological and chemical weapons.
Recent anti-terrorism legislation, such as the USA PATRIOT Act, amended many of
these provisions, broadening the scope of criminal sanctions relating to the use of
biological and chemical weapons and materials. Further, a number of miscellaneous
statutory provisions dealing with terrorism and weapons of mass destruction also
covers chemical and biological materials in the context of restrictions on specific
types of actions. Additionally, the United States has adopted strict regulations and
licensing procedures concerning the acquisition, handling, and transfer of biological
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Biological and Chemical Weapons: Criminal Sanctions and Federal Regulations, report, February 5, 2004; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc820887/m1/2/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.