Federal Research and Development Funding: Possible Impacts of Operating under a Continuing Resolution Page: 2 of 5
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Administration states that it has requested $142.7 billion in federal R&D funding for
FY2008.2 This request is approximately 1.3% higher than the FY2007 appropriated level,
with the bulk of the proposed change coming from increases for the Department of
Defense (DOD), the space vehicle development program of the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA), and the continuation of the American Competitiveness
Initiative (ACI), which was first announced for FY2007.3
The President proposed the ACI in response to growing concerns about America's
ability to compete technologically in the global marketplace. As part of the ACI, the
President called for doubling, over 10 years, the aggregate funding of the National Science
Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, and the core
programs of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The main focus
of the increases would be to support basic research in the physical sciences and
engineering. The FY2008 request would increase funding for NSF by $512 million, for
the DOE Office of Science by $601 million, and for NIST core programs by $101 million
relative to FY2007 appropriated levels.
Despite the President's continued support for the ACI, total federal support for basic
and applied research would decrease by 2.1% under the Administration's request for
FY2008. Although some agencies would see increases, these would be more than offset
by decreases at other agencies. While the President proposes decreasing the amount of
research funding, funds for development would increase by 2.9%. This increase in
support for development more than offsets the decrease in support for research, thus total
R&D funding would increase under the President's proposal.4
The Current Status of FY2008 R&D Appropriations
The 110th Congress has passed two appropriations bills, the Department of Defense
Appropriations Act, 2008 (Division A of P.L. 110-116) and the Departments of Labor,
Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
2008 (H.R. 3043). The latter was vetoed on November 13, 2007. An attempt to override
this veto failed on November 15, 2007.5
2 Office of Management and Budget, The White House, Analytical Perspectives, Budget of the
United States Government, Fiscal Year 2008 (Government Printing Office: Washington, DC),
2007, pp. 45-55.
3 American Association for the Advancement of Science, Research and Development FY 2008,
Table II-1, online at [http://www.aaas.org/spp/rd/08ptbiil.pdf].
s The status of the appropriations bills is available on the CRS website at
[http://www.crs.gov/products/appropriations/appover.shtml]. For more information on the
continuing resolutions, see CRS Report RL30343, Continuing Resolutions: FY2008 Action and
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Federal Research and Development Funding: Possible Impacts of Operating under a Continuing Resolution, report, December 17, 2007; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc817543/m1/2/: accessed December 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.