FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Distribution Formulas: Issues for the 109th Congress Page: 3 of 6
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Table 1. State Homeland Security Grant Program and Law
Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program Base Allocations:
FY2005 and Estimated FY2006
(amounts in millions)
States and U.S. Insular areas FY2005 Base FY2006 Estimated
allocations base allocations
Each state, DC, and Puerto Rico $11.25 $7.13
U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa,
Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands $1.20 $0.80
Total base amount $589.80 $374.00
Source: Amounts based on CRS calculations of FY2005 (P.L. 108-334) and FY2006 (P.L. 109-90) DHS
appropriations and for SHSGP and LETPP.
Risk. As defined by DHS, its risk calculations are based upon:
" the consequences of a specified attack on a particular asset;
" the vulnerability of that asset to that particular threat; and
" threat to that asset.9
The DHS risk formula is to consist of two risk calculations:
" asset-based risk, which uses threat values derived from U.S. intelligence
community assessment of threats to specific critical infrastructure; and
" geographic-based risk, which uses values based on inherent risks
associated to geographical areas (i.e., states or urban areas), taking into
account such factors as international borders, terrorism reporting and
investigations, and population density.
The risk associated with assets combined with geographical areas will produce a state and
locality terrorism risk score.10
Need. Coupled with the DHS risk formula, state and local homeland security needs
will be assessed through a capability review, which is currently underway. This review
is an effort to help states determine their own homeland security capabilities - identified
and explained in the National Preparedness Goal"1 - through an evaluation of each
state's homeland security program and the state's ability to address those needs.12
Following this review, states are to submit a Program and Capability Enhancement Plan
and an Investment Justification with their FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Program
9 Ibid., p.53.
" For information on the National Preparedness Goal, see CRS Report RL32803, The National
Preparedness System: Issues for the 109th Congress, by Keith Bea.
12 Fiscal Year 2006 Homeland Security Grant Program: Program Guidance andApplication Kit,
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FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Distribution Formulas: Issues for the 109th Congress, report, July 28, 2006; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816385/m1/3/: accessed January 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.