FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Distribution Formulas: Issues for the 109th Congress Page: 2 of 6
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state with remainder of total appropriations at the discretion of DHS.3 DHS chose to use
the state's population percentage of the national population as the basis for this secondary
distribution, and to distribute a base amount of 0.25% to U.S. insular areas. Congress
required DHS to allocate FY2005 homeland security grants in the same manner as
FY2004.4 In FY2006 DHS alters the distribution funding formula by substituting
population with a risk- and needs-based formula.
FY2006 Distribution Method
In October 2005, Congress appropriated $550 million for the State Homeland
Security Grant Program (SHSGP), $400 million for the Law Enforcement Terrorism
Prevention Program (LETPP), $740 million for high-threat, high-risk urban areas - part
of $1.2 billion for the Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) - and amounts for other
state and local homeland security assistance programs. Congress required DHS to
allocate a base amount of 0.75% of total funds appropriated for SHSGP and LETPP to
each state. The distribution method for the remainder of appropriations for SHSGP and
LETPP was at the discretion of DHS. Additionally, Congress authorized the allocation
of UASI funding to be at the discretion of DHS.6 On December 2, 2005, DHS issued its
Fiscal Year 2006 Homeland Security Grant Program: Program Guidance and
Application Kit to provide information and guidance on state and local homeland security
The FY2006 guidance states that DHS elected to provide the 0.75% of total
appropriations as a base (instead of as a minimum) to states under SHSGP and LETPP.7
Additionally, DHS has chosen to allocate the remainder of total appropriations based on
risk and need. The guidance also states that UASI funds will be allocated based on risk
and need - in FY2003, FY2004, and FY2005 UASI funds were allocated based on risk
State and local risk will be determined by DHS using a risk formula developed by
the Office of Grants and Training (G&T) - formerly the Office for State and Local
Government Coordination and Preparedness - in conjunction with other DHS and
federal entities. This formula, however, is not publicly available at this time, and may not
be available in the future due to its possible security classification.
3 P.L. 108-7, P.L. 108-11, and P.L. 108-90.
4 P.L. 108-334, Title III.
s P.L. 109-90 (FY2006 DHS appropriations), Title III. Other grant programs include Assistance
to Firefighters, Emergency Management Performance Grants, and Citizen Corps.
7 For a discussion of the difference between a base and minimum, see CRS Report RL33050,
Risk-Based Funding in Homeland Security Legislation: Issues for the 109th Congress, by Shawn
8 U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Grants and Training, Fiscal Year 2006
Homeland Security Grant Program: Program Guidance and Application Kit (Washington: Dec.
2005), p. 52.
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FY2006 Homeland Security Grant Distribution Formulas: Issues for the 109th Congress, report, July 28, 2006; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816385/m1/2/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.