Alabama Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized Page: 3 of 5
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The governor must prepare a comprehensive plan and program for emergency
management, which is to be integrated and coordinated with federal government
emergency management plans and with other states to the extent possible. Political
subdivision emergency management plans and programs must be integrated into and
coordinated with state plans and programs (Ala. Code 31-9-6(2,3)).
The mutual aid agreements in which the state participates must make plans for the
orderly evacuation of civilians as a result of an emergency or disaster, and must be
worked out periodically between state party representatives and local emergency
management personnel. Plans include: type of transportation; number of evacuees in
different areas; type of food, clothing, housing and medical care to be provided; and
evacuee registration (Ala. Code 31-9-7 art. 9).
Upon the governor's proclamation of a "state of emergency management
emergency," the governor must immediately call the legislature into special session.
During the period when the state of emergency exists or continues, the governor has
emergency powers to enforce all laws, rules and regulations relating to emergency
management and to assume direct operational control of all emergency management
forces and helpers (Ala. Code 31-9-8).
Types of Assistance
State officials are authorized to make grants to political subdivisions for emergency
planning and preparedness. Appropriations must be made for specific purposes and
cannot exceed expenditures or the amount to be expended for personnel and
administrative costs (Ala. Code 31-9-2 (c)).
Emergency Management Assistance Compact provisions are codified (Ala. Code
The governor is authorized by direction of the legislature, or at his discretion, to
enter into agreements and compacts with other states for mutual interstate aid in
emergencies or disasters resulting from enemy attack or other causes (Ala. Code 31-9-7).
The state statute authorizes mutual aid among political subdivisions and with other
states and the federal government with respect to emergency management functions (Ala.
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Alabama Emergency Management and Homeland Security Statutory Authorities Summarized, report, September 2, 2005; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816105/m1/3/: accessed December 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.