Climate Change Legislation in the 110th Congress Page: 4 of 27
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Climate Change Legislation
in the 110th Congress
In the 110th Congress, Members have introduced numerous bills that would
directly or indirectly address climate change. This report describes and compares
bills that directly address climate change, as opposed to those that primarily address
other issues (e.g., energy efficiency and conservation) but could have ancillary
impacts on climate.1 In some cases, it is difficult to draw a line between direct and
indirect climate change bills, because a specific bill or action may seek to achieve
This report focuses on legislative actions -including comprehensive bills with
individual climate change titles or sections - that explicitly address climate change
issues. These bills fall into six major categories: (1) research on the causes and
effects of climate change and on methods to measure and predict climate change; (2)
deployment of emission-reducing technologies in the United States or other
countries; (3) requirements for U.S. participation in international climate agreements;
(4) investments in systems to adapt to changes in climate; (5) establishment of
greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring systems as a basis for research or for any potential
reduction program; and (6) implementation of mandatory GHG emission reduction
programs. These categories are not mutually exclusive, and several bills address
more than one of the above categories.
There has been considerable interest in climate change issues in the 110th
Congress. As of June 29, 2007, Members have introduced 52 bills - 27 in the
Senate and 25 in the House - that would directly address climate change issues.
One bill has passed the Senate and three bills have passed the House. Five bills in
the Senate and four in the House have been reported (or ordered to be reported). In
addition, various committees and subcommittees have held more than 45 hearings
on climate change issues.
The major provisions of the climate change bills covered in this report are
categorized in Appendix 1 and summarized in Appendix 2.
Climate Change Research and Studies
Global climate change is a complex issue. While most scientists agree that the
climate is changing in response to GHG emissions, uncertainties concerning the
causes and effects of climate change remain and are a continuing subject of extensive
1 Congressional resolutions that address climate change-related issues, but do not directly
call for action on greenhouse gas emissions, are likewise not included in this report.
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Climate Change Legislation in the 110th Congress, report, June 29, 2007; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815894/m1/4/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.