Child Nutrition and WIC Legislation in the 106th and 107th Congresses Page: 2 of 18
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Child Nutrition and WIC Legislation
in the 106th and 107th Congresses
Child nutrition programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for
Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) are governed by: the Richard B.
Russell National School Lunch Act, the Child Nutrition Act, and Section 32 of the
Act of August 24, 1935. Reauthorization of appropriations and comprehensive
review of the these programs was last done in the 1998 William F. Goodling Child
Nutrition Reauthorization Act (P.L. 105-336), and the next reauthorization and major
review is scheduled for 2003. However, a number of significant changes to child
nutrition and WIC law have been enacted since 1998.
In the 106th Congress, seven laws included provisions affecting child nutrition
and WIC programs: P.L. 106-65, P.L. 106-170, P.L. 106-224, P.L. 106-398, P.L.
106-472, and P.L. 106-554. The most important of these - P.L. 106-224 and P.L.
106-554 - increased commodity support for school lunch programs, incorporated
amendments aimed at improving the integrity and management of the Child and
Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), expanded/established demonstrations affecting
for-profit child care centers in the CACFP and outside-of-school programs, and
created a pilot to increase participation in the Summer Food Service program.
In the 107th Congress, a number of legislative issues arose: CACFP eligibility
of for-profit child care centers, rules for day care homes in the CACFP, CACFP after-
school initiatives, commodity support for schools (the level of support and expansion
of the presence of fruits and vegetables in school nutrition programs), the purchase
of locally produced foods for school meal programs, rules governing the offering of
foods in competition with school meals ("competitive foods"), a paperwork reduction
initiative for school meal programs, military families' eligibility for free/reduced-
price school meals and WIC assistance, expansion of the Summer Food Service
program, School Breakfast program expansion and a "before-school" proposal, and
a nutrition and physical activity initiative. A number of these areas were addressed
in enacted legislation: P.L. 107-76 (the FY2002 Agriculture Department
appropriations measure) and P.L. 107-171 (the 2002 "farm bill;" the Farm Security
and Rural Investment Act).
In addition: S. 2801 (the Senate Appropriations Committee version of the
FY2003 Agriculture Department appropriations measure) touched on several
legislative issues, as did S. 940/H.R. 1990; S. 1179 and S. 1246 dealt with
commodity support, although the provisions of S. 1246 were overtaken by P.L. 107-
171; H.R. 3997 affected rules for locally produced foods (in Puerto Rico) and was
incorporated in P.L. 107-171; S. 745 and H.R. 2129 proposed changes in
"competitive food" rules; S. 1246 dealt with a paperwork reduction issue, which was
separately resolved in P.L. 107-76; H.R. 3082, H.R. 3216, and S. 1973 all dealt with
the eligibility of military families, which was separately resolved in P.L. 107-171; S.
2660 included provisions to expand summer programs (also in S. 2801); H.R. 4192
proposed a new "before-school" initiative affecting the School Breakfast program;
and S. 2821 incorporated nutrition and physical activity initiatives relating to school
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Child Nutrition and WIC Legislation in the 106th and 107th Congresses, report, December 2, 2002; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc813467/m1/2/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.