Unemployment Benefits: Legislative Issues in the 107th Congress Page: 3 of 6
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Table 1. Revenue and Spending Associated With
Unemployment Compensation, FY1993-FY2001
(in billions of dollars)
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
UC revenue, total 25.2 28.0 28.9 28.6 28.2 27.5 26.4 27.1 28.7
FUTA tax 4.2 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.4 6.5 6.7 7.1
State UC taxes 21.0 22.5 23.2 22.7 22.1 21.1 19.9 20.4 21.6
UC outlays, total 38.9 29.6 24.6 25.6 23.8 22.9 24.4 25.1 27.7
Regular benefits 21.9 21.7 20.9 22.0 20.3 19.4 20.7 21.6 26.8
EB * 0.2 * * * * * * *
Emergency UC 13.2 4.2 * * * - - - -
Administration 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.6
Source: U.S. Dept. of Labor. UI Outlook, August 2001.
* Less than $50 million.
Several bills were introduced in the 107th Congress to establish a temporary program
for extending benefits. After numerous attempts to reach agreement on an economic
stimulus bill that included a temporary extension of UC benefits, the Congress passed the
Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002,(P.L. 107-147). Title II of the new law
provided for the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation (TEUC) program
and distributed $8 billion to states in surplus federal unemployment funds, known as Reed
Act funds. The TEUC program provided up to 13 weeks of federally funded benefits for
unemployed workers in all states who had exhausted their regular UC benefits. In
addition, up to an additional 13 weeks were provided in certain high unemployment states
that had an IUR2 of 4% or higher and meet certain other criteria (TEUC-X).
TEUC benefits were payable through December 28, 2002, to individuals who, in
addition to meeting other applicable state law provisions, (1) filed an initial claim that was
in effect during or after the week of March 15, 2001; (2) exhausted regular benefits or
have no benefit rights due to the expiration of a benefit year ending during or after the
week of March 15, 2001; (3) had no rights to regular or extended benefits under any state
or federal law; and (4) were not receiving benefits under Canadian law.3 In addition,
individuals must also have had 20 weeks of full-time work, or the equivalent in wages,
in their base periods.4
2 The IUR is computed by dividing the number of UC claimants by the number of individuals in
jobs covered by UC.
3 DoL, Unemployment Insurance Program Letter No. 17-02.
4 A worker's benefit rights are determined on the basis of his/her employment in covered work
over a prior period, called the base period. In most states, an individual's base period is a four
quarter, 52-week period that depends on when the worker first applies for benefits or first begins
drawing benefits. However, several states lengthen the base period under specified conditions.
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Unemployment Benefits: Legislative Issues in the 107th Congress, report, December 30, 2002; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc811874/m1/3/: accessed November 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.