Health Insurance: Uninsured Children, by State, 2005-2007 Page: 1 of 6
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Order Code 97-310
Updated August 29, 2008
CRS Report for Congress
Health Insurance: Uninsured Children,
by State, 2005-2007
Chris L. Peterson and April Grady
Domestic Social Policy Division
Based on data from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey (CPS), an
estimated 8.9 million children under age 191 were uninsured in 2007, representing
11.3% of all children in the United States.
When examining health insurance coverage among children at the state level, a
three-year average is used to provide more reliable estimates. During 2005-2007, the
estimated average percentage of children without health insurance nationally was 11.5%,
ranging from 4.8% in Massachusetts to 20.9% in Texas. The proportion of uninsured
children tended to be lower in the Midwest and New England, and higher in the South
and West. In 28 states and the District of Columbia, the 2005-2007 average uninsured
rate for children was significantly below the national rate; in seven states, it was
significantly higher. The 2005-2007 average uninsured rate among children in Texas
(20.9%) was significantly higher than any other state, including Florida, which had the
second-highest rate of uninsured children (19.1%).
Estimates of Health Insurance Coverage by State
During 2005-2007, the estimated average percentage of children under age 19 who
lacked health insurance coverage was 11.5%. Table 1 shows that 2005-2007 average
uninsured rates for children ranged from 4.8% in Massachusetts to 20.9% in Texas.
Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia had average uninsured rates for children
of less than 10.0%. Six states (Arizona, Florida, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, and
Texas) had rates of 15% or more. Generally, states with the lowest average uninsured
rates for children were located in the Midwest and Northeast; states with the highest rates
were in South and West (Figure 1).
1Census Bureau estimates for children generally refer to individuals under age 18. Estimates in
this report refer to individuals under age 19, which corresponds with the cutoff used for Medicaid
poverty-related child eligibility and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)
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Peterson, Chris L. & Grady, April. Health Insurance: Uninsured Children, by State, 2005-2007, report, August 29, 2008; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc810606/m1/1/: accessed July 30, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.