Middle East: U.S. Foreign Assistance, FY2002, FY2003, and Request for FY2004 Page: 4 of 12
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Middle East: U.S. Foreign Assistance,
FY2002, FY2003, and Request for FY2004
The following tables and explanations of U.S. foreign assistance to key
countries or activities in the Middle East include the actual amounts for FY2002, the
FY2002 supplemental, the allocated amounts for FY2003, the supplemental request
of March 25, 2003, and the President's requested amounts for FY2004. The President
signed the FY2003 supplemental appropriations on April 16, 2003, P.L. 108-11.
Some countries not usually listed in definitions of "Middle East" are included here
because of their involvement with and proximity to other Middle Eastern countries
(such as Greece or Ethiopia), or because of their membership in the Arab League
(such as the Comoros or Mauritania). The figures are taken from the President's
FY2004 budget presentation to Congress.
Middle East Cap
Beginning in FY1998, Congress set a spending ceiling or cap on aid to the
Middle East. The cap in Section 555 of H.R. 5410, the foreign operations
appropriations bill for FY2003, reported by the House Committee on Appropriations
(H.Rept. 107-663), was $5.467 billion for Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, the West
Bank/Gaza Strip, the Israel-Lebanon Monitoring Group, the Multinational Force and
Observers, the Middle East Democracy program, the Middle East Regional
Cooperation, and the Middle East Multilateral Working Group. Section 555 was not
included in H.J.Res. 2, the omnibus appropriations bill, P.L. 108-7, signed on
February 20, 2003. (The President's FY2004 request for the same countries and
programs is $5.248 billion.)
Wye Agreement Funding
Following the peace talks at the Wye River Plantation in October 1998,
President William Clinton proposed an aid package of $1.2 billion for Israel, $300
million for Jordan, and $400 million for the Palestinians. Congress added $25
million for Egypt. Congress included $100 million for Jordan in the 1999
supplemental and appropriated the remaining funds in the FY2000 foreign operations
appropriations bill. The funding was intended to be paid out over FY2001, FY2002,
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Middle East: U.S. Foreign Assistance, FY2002, FY2003, and Request for FY2004, report, April 16, 2003; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc809401/m1/4/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.