Operation Odyssey Dawn (Libya): Background and Issues for Congress Page: 3 of 33

Operation Odyssey Dawn (Libya): Background and Issues for Congress
Contents
Prior to Military Operations: Background, Select Views, and Authorization.....................1.
Administration Perspectives........................................................................1
President Obama's Remarks on U.S. Military Operations ...................................2
Congressional Perspectives......................................................................... 3
International Involvement ..........................................................................4
United Nations Authorization .................................................................. 4
Other Organizations and Governments........................................................ 5
Military Operations................................................................................... 7
Libyan Air Defenses............................................................................... 9
Libyan Air Assets ................................................................................10
Geography..........................................................................................10
Concept of Operations ............................................................................. 11
U.S. Assets Involved in Operation Odyssey Dawn................................................... 11
Coalition Forces Involved in Libyan Operations.....................................................13
Command Structure..................................................................................14
Involvement of Other NATO Member States.........................................................16
France-Operation Harmattan......................................................................18
United Kingdom-Operation Ellamy ..............................................................19
Other Participating NATO Member States ....................................................... 20
Enforcing the Arms Embargo ..................................................................... 20
Issues for Congress .................................................................................. 21
What Is the Role of Congressional Authorization?9.............................................. 21
Costs ............................................................................................. 22
Historical Costs as a Guide ................................................................... 23
Costs of Initial Libyan Operations............................................................ 24
Other Issues for Congress ......................................................................... 28
Additional CRS Reports .............................................................................. 28
Figures
Figure 1. Initial No-Fly Zone........................................................................... 8
Figure 2. Expanded No-Fly Zone....................................................................... 9
Figure 3. Maritime Assets in Operation Odyssey Dawn.............................................12
Figure 4. U.S. Commanders ...........................................................................15
Tables
Table 1. Estimated Costs of Libyan Operations, March 19-March 24, 2011....................... 25
Table 2. Costs of Selected U.S. Combat Air Operations, FY1993-FY2003 ....................... 27

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Operation Odyssey Dawn (Libya): Background and Issues for Congress, report, March 28, 2011; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc809030/m1/3/ocr/: accessed September 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.

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