Mexico’s Congress and July 2003 Elections Page: 4 of 6
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extent in the past.2 Demonstrating that it has a truly national presence, the PRI won seats
in the direct elections in all but 4 of the 32 states in the country. This victory is generally
viewed as strengthening the presidential prospects for PRI President Roberto Madrazo,
who is credited with holding the party together against various divisive tendencies.
Table 1. Number of Deputies by Party in
Mexico's Chamber of Deputies
PRI PAN PRD PVEM PT CONV.
2003 224 (44.8%) 153 (30.6%) 95 (19%) 17 (3.4%) 6 (1.2%) 5 (1%)
2000 208 (41.6%) 205 (41%) 54 (10.8%) 17 (3.4%) 8 (1.6%) 3 (0.6%)
President Fox's PAN came in second with 31.88% of the valid vote, but because of
the intricacies of the election its delegation in the Chamber will decline from 205 deputies
to 153 (30.6% of all deputies). The PAN won only 82 of the 300 single member districts,
just over half as many as the PRI won, and it obtained 71 proportional representation
seats. The PAN won direct vote seats in 22 states, but failed to secure victories in 10
states, nearly a third of the total. The PAN will be going into the 2006 presidential race
with a weak legislative base, and with recognition that Fox himself did not emerge from
the mainstream of the party. While much jockeying will occur in the next few years,
Santiago Creel, Fox's Minister of the important Government Ministry, and Francisco
Barrios, Fox's former anti-corruption czar and new leader of the PAN delegation in the
Chamber, are often mentioned as possible presidential candidates in the 2006 contest.
The PRD came in third with 18.23% of the valid vote, but because it was not in
coalition (as it was in 2000) its delegation will increase significantly, from 54 to 95 (19%
of all deputies). The PRD won 55 deputies in single member districts, and it won 40
deputies through proportional representation. It elected deputies in single member
districts in only 8 states, and failed to win seats in 24 states, three fourths of the total. As
a result of the local victory in the stronghold of Mexico City (see below), the popular
Mayor, Andr6s Manuel L6pez Obrador, is being viewed as an attractive and promising
candidate, but the national results for the PRD suggest the difficulty of moving from a
local victory to a national victory.
The PVEM, which was in alliance with the PRI in eleven states, came in a distant
fourth with 4.15% of the valid vote on its own, and presumably a similar portion of the
14.02% won by the Alliance for All, with the result that its congressional delegation will
have 17 deputies (3.4% of all deputies), the same number as it had in the previous
legislature. The PVEM won 3 deputies in single member districts, and it won 14 deputies
through proportional representation.
The PT came in fifth with 2.48% of the valid vote, giving it a delegation of 6
deputies, all won through proportional representation, while the Convergence party came
2 Results are from the website of the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) [http://www.ife.org.mx],
including the official results and Press Release 066, July 13, 2003; and a graphic display on the
"New Chamber of Deputies" on the website of Mexican daily Reforma at
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Mexico’s Congress and July 2003 Elections, report, July 28, 2003; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808377/m1/4/: accessed December 15, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.