Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress Page: 2 of 132
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Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation
in the 110th Congress
This report reviews the status of energy efficiency and renewable energy
legislation introduced during the 110th Congress. Most action in the second session
is focused on the FY2009 budget request, the Farm Bill (H.R. 2419), and the
proposed Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Tax Act (H.R. 5351). DOE's
FY2009 budget request seeks $1,256.1 million for DOE's Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy (EERE) programs, compared to FY2008 appropriations of
$1,722.4 million for EERE.
H.R. 5351 passed the House by a vote of 236-182. It would extend or re-
establish tax incentives to support renewable electricity production, biofuels
production, transportation efficiency and conservation, buildings efficiency, and
equipment efficiency. The cost would be offset by reducing subsidies for oil and
natural gas production and by closing the "Hummer" tax credit loophole. S. 2821
would extend some of the same provisions in H.R. 5351, but for shorter time periods.
Both the House and Senate versions of the Farm Bill (H.R. 2419/S. 2302)
contain provisions that would extend and/or expand upon energy efficiency and
renewable energy funding provisions of the Farm Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-
171). Also, the Senate-passed bill contains several tax provisions for renewable
energy, including incentives for the production, blending, and use of biofuels
(ethanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel). Also, there are investment incentives for
infrastructure (fueling stations) and for the development of production facilities.
Most action in the first session focused on the Energy Independence and
Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140, H.R. 6). Additional action was focused on
funding-related bills for energy efficiency and renewable energy, especially H.R.
2641, the Energy and Water Appropriations bill for FY2008, which was subsumed
by the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-161, H.R. 2764).
The Energy Independence Act (P.L. 110-140) consists mainly of provisions
designed to increase energy efficiency and the availability of renewable energy. The
key provisions of the law are an increase of the combined corporate average fuel
economy (CAFE) standards to 35 miles per gallon (mpg) by 2020, an increase of the
renewable fuel standard (RFS) to 36 billion gallons by 2022, and several new
appliance efficiency standards. Tax provisions and a renewable energy portfolio
standard (RPS) adopted in the House version of H.R. 6 were not enacted into law.
More than 320 bills on energy efficiency and renewable energy have been
introduced. About one-third of these bills are focused on renewable fuels and about
one-third would provide a tax incentive for investment, energy production, fuel use,
or fuel reduction. For each bill listed in this report, a brief description and a
summary of action are given, including references to committee hearings and reports.
Also, a selected list of congressional hearings, CRS reports, and Government
Accountability Office (GAO) documents on energy efficiency and renewable energy
are included. This report will be updated periodically.
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Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 110th Congress, report, April 4, 2008; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc808188/m1/2/: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.