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Career and Technical Education:
State Grant Formula
The federal government currently provides support for career and technical
education through the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of
1998 (Perkins III; P.L. 105-332).1 The act authorized funding for vocational and
technical education through FY2003, although the Congress continued to provide
funding under the act through FY2006. The 109th Congress has reauthorized the
Perkins Act. On August 12, 2006, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical
Education Improvement Act of 2006 was signed into law (Perkins IV; P.L. 109-
Over 90% of the funds appropriated under the Perkins Act are used to provide
basic state grants. These formula grants are awarded to states, which subsequently
make grants to support career and technical education activities at the secondary and
postsecondary levels primarily in local educational agencies (LEAs), area career and
technical education schools, and institutions of higher education. Uses of funds
include, for example, establishing linkages between secondary and postsecondary
career and technical education, providing professional development, supporting
career and academic counseling, and transitioning students from subbaccalaureate
career and technical education programs to baccalaureate degree programs.
While Perkins IV retains the structure and many of the provisions included in
Perkins III, it does make substantial changes to several parts of the act. One such
change affects the formula used to provide state allotments under the basic state
grants program (referred to as state grants). Perkins IV continues to use the allotment
formula used under Perkins III when total appropriations are equal to or below the
FY2006 appropriations for state grants. If appropriations exceed the FY2006
amount, however, a new formula is used to calculate state grants.
1 Perkins IV refers to "vocational and technical education" as "career and technical
education." The term "career and technical education" has been used throughout this report.
2 For a detailed discussion of changes made to the act by P.L. 109-270, see CRS Report
RL33624, Career and Technical Education: Selected Changes Made by P.L. 109-270, by
Rebecca R. Skinner and Richard N. Apling.
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Career and Technical Education: State Grant Formula, report, September 29, 2006; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807749/m1/4/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.