Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting, 1993-2000 Page: 8 of 40
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(NSF), Commerce, Transportation, the Smithsonian, and the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA), was appropriated at levels higher than requested. Defense
and non-defense R&D funding was equalized, for the first time since the late 1970s.
In constant dollars, health R&D funding (which had received about 14% of total R&D
funding at the end of the George Bush Administration) received about 21% of total
FY2001 R&D appropriations, and about 43% of the civilian R&D budget.
Over the period FY1993 to FY2001, as shown in figure 4, funding was increased
almost 60% in constant dollar terms for R&D in the National Institutes of Health
(NIH); for the National Science Foundation (NSF), 35%; for R&D in the Department
of Commerce and EPA, over 20%; and for the Agriculture Department,
Figure 4. Trends in R&D Funding, By Agency, From FY1993 to FY2001, Percentage
Change in Constant Dollars of Budget Authoritya
10 - --
0 -- -- _
NSF USDA NASA DOE Total R&D Nondef. R&D
NIH DOD EPA DOC Def. R&D Nondef.-NIH
Source: AAAS Reports, based on OMB and agency R&D budget data, and on AAAS
estimates of R&D in FY2001 appropriations. Includes conduct of R&D and R&D facilities.
Constant dollar conversions based on OMB's GDP deflators. Based on millions of constant
FY2000 dollars. Original source was prepared by AAAS in 2000, as "Historical Table 2,"
about 15%). Large increases were made for research in computer and information
sciences, for nanotechnology, and for technology initiatives in the Department of
Commerce. R&D funding decreased in terms of constant dollars for NASA, and for
DOE and DOD R&D, by about 5% each. Basic research funding was increased by
about $5 billion in constant dollars from FY1993 to FY2001. The emphasis,
however, was on NIH basic research which increased about $3.5 billion in constant
dollars, while non-NIH basic research increased by a smaller amount, about $1.5
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting, 1993-2000, report, March 14, 2001; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc807319/m1/8/: accessed March 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.