Health Insurance Coverage: Characteristics of the Insured and Uninsured Populations in 2000 Page: 1 of 6
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Order Code 96-891 EPW
Updated February 26, 2002
Health Insurance Coverage:
Characteristics of the Insured and
Uninsured Populations in 2000
Chris L. Peterson
Analyst in Social Legislation
Domestic Social Policy Division
Nearly one of out seven Americans - 38.7 million people (14.0%) - were without
health insurance for all of 2000. This was the second consecutive annual decrease in the
percentage of uninsured. The largest gain in health insurance coverage was in
employment-based coverage. In 2000, approximately 3.7 million more Americans were
covered by employment-based health insurance than in 1999.1 Nationwide, there was no
significant change in the percentage of Americans covered by Medicare or by other
nonmilitary public health insurance, such as Medicaid. While employment-based health
insurance covers many Americans, more than half of the uninsured were full-time, full-
year workers or their dependents. This report examines characteristics of both the
insured and the uninsured populations in the United States. It will be updated annually.
Health Insurance Coverage and Selected Population
Age. Table 1 provides a breakdown of health insurance coverage by type of
insurance and age. In 2000, compared to other age groups, those under age 5 were most
likely (25%) to have coverage through Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance
Program (SCHIP), or some other program for low-income individuals. Young adults ages
19 to 24 were the most likely to have gone without health insurance for the entire year.
While many in this group (60%) were covered under an employment-based plan, 29% had
no health insurance. Young adults are often too old to be covered as dependents on their
1 Comparisons to 1999 are from unpublished numbers produced by CRS using revised CPS data.
The U.S. Census Bureau released revised data resulting from a verification question asked of those
who were initially categorized as uninsured. For more information on this and other issues
regarding estimates of the uninsured, see CRS Report RL31275, Health Insurance: Federal Data
Sources for Analyses of the Uninsured, by Chris L. Peterson and Christine Devere.
Congressional Research Service V The Library of Congress
CRS Report for Congress
Received through the CRS Web
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Health Insurance Coverage: Characteristics of the Insured and Uninsured Populations in 2000, report, February 26, 2002; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806796/m1/1/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.