Federal Programs Available to Unemployed Workers Page: 4 of 14
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Federal Programs Available to
There are four groups of federal programs that target unemployed workers:
income support, health care assistance, job search assistance, and training. On the
following pages we describe these programs, how they interact with each other, and
Unemployed workers and their families may experience substantial income loss.
If the unemployed worker's family income is low enough, there are a number of
means-tested benefits and programs for which the unemployed worker's family might
qualify (e.g., the Earned Income Tax Credit, Temporary Assistance for Needy
Families, or Medicaid). Eligibility for such programs is not conditional on one's
employment status. This report does not attempt to discuss these means-tested
Income Support for Unemployed Workers
A variety of benefits may be available to unemployed workers to provide them
with income support during a spell of unemployment. When eligible workers lose
their jobs, the Unemployment Compensation (UC) program may provide income
support through the payment of UC benefits. Certain groups of workers who lose
their jobs on account of international competition may qualify for additional or
supplemental income support through Trade Adjustment Act (TAA) programs. If an
unemployed worker is not eligible to receive UC benefits and the worker's
unemployment may be directly attributed to a declared major disaster, a worker may
be eligible to receive Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits.1
The federal government provided Temporary Extended Unemployment
Compensation (TEUC) benefits to unemployed workers in the past during some
economic recessions. This temporary program generally extended UC benefits for
an additional 13 weeks and had an expiration date. As of this writing, no TEUC
program exists; therefore, these benefits are not available.
1 For a more comprehensive review of these income support programs, see CRS Report
RL33362, Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative
Activity, by Julie Whittaker; CRS Report RS22718, Trade Adjustment Assistance for
Workers (TAA) andAlternative Trade AdjustmentAssistancefor Older Workers (ATAA), by
John Topoleski; and CRS Report RS22022, Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA), by
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Federal Programs Available to Unemployed Workers, report, November 14, 2007; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806572/m1/4/: accessed November 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.