HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006 Page: 4 of 6
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tuberculosis, and malaria programs funded through the Foreign Operations
The FY2005 Consolidated Appropriations bill sets aside $30 million in Child
Survival AIDS funding for the development of microbicides, up from $22 million in
FY2004. The measure also provides $27 million from AIDS-designated Child Survival
funds for the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), compared with $26 million
in FY2004. The bill specifies that $27 million should be contributed to the United
Nations Joint Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) from the GHAI, while the amount
specified for FY2004 was again $26 million.
Labor/HHS Appropriations. Lines 10 through 16 in Table 1 refer to
international AIDS programs funded through the Labor/HHS Appropriations. The
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at HHS administers the Global AIDS
Program (GAP), which promotes prevention, care, and capacity building in AIDS-stricken
countries. Funding for GAP dropped for FY2005, as compared to FY2004, in part
because CDC adopted a new budget structure that removed overhead and indirect costs
from the request, which now solely reflects spending on the program itself. Moreover,
funding for mother to child transmission prevention programs has been shifted to the
Global HIV/AIDS Initiative at the Department of State (see below).
In addition to GAP, the CDC conducts AIDS prevention research overseas, referred
to in line 11, which is counted as part of the U.S. response to the international pandemic.
Line 12 refers to CDC research on international tuberculosis and malaria. According to
CDC, the apparent decrease in this program under the FY2006 request reflects the change
in the HHS budget structure noted above. Meanwhile, as indicated in line 13, the
National Institutes of Health (NIH) also conducts research with an international
dimension, focusing primarily on the development of a vaccine for international markets.
Appropriations for the CDC and NIH research programs are not specifically earmarked
in legislation. Line 14 refers to contributions to the Global Fund channeled through the
National Institutes of Health (see Table 2). As in previous years, the Administration has
not requested funding for the Global AIDS in the Workplace Initiative of the Department
of Labor (line 15). Line 16 provides a subtotal for international HIV/AIDS funding
through the Labor/HHS Appropriations.
Other Appropriations. Line 17 in Table 1 refers to the Defense Department's
AIDS prevention education program, primarily with African militaries. New funding for
the education program itself has not been requested in the Department of Defense
Appropriations for FY2006, as in previous years. As noted above, Foreign Military
Financing funds have been requested for purchases of equipment used in the program.
Since FY2002, Congress has directed that of any aid provided through the Section
416(b) food aid program, which provides for the donation of surplus food commodities,
$25 million be used to mitigate the effects of AIDS on communities overseas (line 18).
In subsequent years, this assistance was not requested by the Administration, but Congress
continued to make provision for it.
Mother and Child Transmission Initiative. The President's International
Mother and Child HIV Prevention Initiative was announced on June 19, 2002. This
initiative, under Administration plans, was to total $500 million, with $200 million
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006, report, September 6, 2005; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc806541/m1/4/: accessed November 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.