The Emergency Food Assistance Program and Emergency Feeding Needs Page: 8 of 20
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In the end, the FY1999 Agriculture Department appropriation (P.L. 105-227)
provided $90 million in Food Stamp Act money for commodity purchases and $45
million in direct appropriations for distribution costs.6 TEFAP also was allocated 111
million pounds in discretionary bonus commodity acquisitions valued at $107.5
million in FY1999, roughly the same as in FY1998.
While about $197 million worth of commodities were acquired for TEFAP
(purchased with the Food Stamp Act set-aside or allocated as bonus commodities) in
FY1999, actual deliveries during the year were higher - totaling $225.6 million
($90.4 million in Food Stamp Act "entitlement" commodities and $135.2 million in
FY2000. For FY2000, the Clinton Administration again proposed using the full
$100 million provided under the Food Stamp Act to pay for TEFAP commodity
purchases, as well as an appropriation of $45 million to fund grants for distribution
costs ($5 million less than authorized).
On June 8, the House adopted its version of the FY2000 Agriculture Department
appropriations measure (H.R. 1906; H.Rept. 106-157). This bill made available $99
million of the $100 million Food Stamp Act set-aside for TEFAP purchases and
appropriated the requested $45 million for distribution-cost grants. On August 4,
1999, the Senate approved its version of the FY2000 Agriculture Department
appropriation (S. 1233/H.R. 1906; S.Rept. 106-80). The Senate's bill made $97
million of the $100 million Food Stamp Act set-aside available for TEFAP purchases
and, like the House measure, appropriated the requested $45 million for distribution-
On September 30, 1999, House-Senate conferees on the FY2000 Agriculture
Department appropriations measure reported their agreement (H.Rept. 106-354).
The conference agreement made $98 million of the $100 million Food Stamp Act set-
aside available for TEFAP food purchases and appropriated $45 million for
distribution-cost grants.7 The House approved the conference report on October 1,
1999, and the Senate adopted it on October 13, 1999. On October 22, 1999, the
House-Senate agreement was enacted as P.L. 106-78.8 Additional FY2000 federal
6Actual FY1999 spending on distribution costs was $45.8 million, including amounts
recovered from prior year obligations.
7Under the House and Senate FY2000 appropriations bills, the House-Senate conference
agreement, and the enacted FY2000 appropriations measure, an amount equal to the
difference between the bills' funding for TEFAP purchases and the full $100 million called
for under the Food Stamp Act set-aside was effectively appropriated to fund Bill Emerson/
Mickey Leland Hunger Fellowships through the Congressional Hunger Center. The House
bill funded the fellowships at $1 million. The Senate provided $3 million. And the conference
agreement and enacted law appropriated $2 million for the fellowships, leaving $98 million
for TEFAP food purchases.
8The FY2000 Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 106-113) directed reductions of .38%
in agencies' discretionary funds. EFAP-related discretionary spending (e.g., the $45 million
for distribution-cost grants in the FY2000 appropriation) was not affected by this directive.
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The Emergency Food Assistance Program and Emergency Feeding Needs, report, August 24, 2001; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805887/m1/8/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.