Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs Page: 2 of 24
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Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs
The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small
businesses, including loan guarantee programs to enhance small business access to capital;
contracting programs to increase small business opportunities in federal contracting; direct loan
programs for businesses, homeowners, and renters to assist their recovery from natural disasters;
and small business management and technical assistance training programs to assist business
formation and expansion.
Congressional interest in the SBA's loan and contracting programs has increased in recent years,
primarily because small businesses are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create
jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. Many Members of Congress also regularly
receive constituent inquiries about SBA loans, the loan guarantee programs, and special
contracting programs and this report provides an overview of these programs. In addition, after
the enactment of the Small Business Additional Temporary Extension Act of 2011 (P.L. 112-17),
the SBA's authorization is scheduled to expire on July 31, 2011.
This report is designed to assist Congress in the event that it considers the reauthorization of the
SBA by providing a summary and analysis of the SBA's major programs, including changes made
by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (P.L. 111-5) and the Small Business Jobs Act of
2010 (P.L. 111-240), and by referencing other CRS reports which examine these programs in
This report will be updated to reflect legislative action and programmatic changes.
Congressional Research Service
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Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs, report, June 22, 2011; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805667/m1/2/: accessed April 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.