Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs Page: 18 of 24
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Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs
sole-source awards. For purposes of this program, veterans and service-related
disabilities are defined as they are under the statutes governing veterans affairs.35
" Women-Owned Small Business Program: Under this program, contracts may
be set aside for economically disadvantaged women-owned small businesses in
industries in which they are underrepresented, and women-owned small
businesses in which they are substantially represented.
" Other small businesses: Agencies may also set-aside contracts or make sole-
source awards to small businesses not participating in any other program under
Subcontracting Programs for Small Disadvantaged Businesses
Other federal programs promote subcontracting with small disadvantaged businesses (SDBs).
Agencies must negotiate "subcontracting plans" with the apparently successful bidder or offeror
on eligible prime contracts prior to awarding the contract. Subcontracting plans set goals for the
percentage of subcontract dollars to be awarded to SDBs, among others, and describe efforts that
will be made to ensure that SDBs "have an equitable opportunity to compete for subcontracts."
Federal agencies may also consider the extent of subcontracting with SDBs in determining to
whom to award a contract, or give contractors "monetary incentives" to subcontract with SDBs.
All 8(a) firms qualify as SDBs, but firms that are not participants in the 8(a) Program can also
qualify as SDBs. As of December 2010, there were 10,996 certified SDBs.36
The SBA also implements the "Goaling Program," to track agency performance in meeting their
goals for the percentage of contract and subcontract dollars awarded to small businesses.
Currently, the government-wide goal is that at least 23% of all contract dollars go to small
businesses. There are also separate goals for the percent of contract and subcontract dollars
awarded to: small disadvantaged businesses (5%); women-owned small businesses (5%);
HUBZone small businesses (3%); and service-disabled veteran-owned small businesses (3%).
Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
Every government agency with procurement authority has an Office of Small and Disadvantaged
Business Utilization (OSDBU) to advocate within the agency for small businesses, as well as
assist small businesses in their dealings with federal agencies (e.g., obtaining payment).
3s It should be noted that veteran-owned small businesses and service-disabled veteran-owned small businesses are
eligible for separate preferences in procurements conducted by the Department of Veterans Affairs under the authority
of the Veterans Benefits, Health Care, and Information Technology Act, as amended by the Veterans' Benefits
Improvements Act of 2008.
s6 Source: http://dsbs.sba.gov/dsbs/search/dspdsbs.cfm.
Congressional Research Service
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Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs, report, June 22, 2011; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805667/m1/18/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.