Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2007 Appropriations Page: 3 of 61
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Agriculture and Related Agencies:
The Agriculture and Related Agencies appropriations bill includes all of USDA
(except the Forest Service), plus the Food and Drug Administration and the
Commodity Futures Trading Commission. On June 22, 2006, the Senate
Appropriations Committee reported the FY2007 agriculture appropriations bill (H.R.
5384, S.Rept. 109-266). The full House passed its version on May 23, 2006.
The Senate-reported bill provides a total of $94.6 billion, $691 million (+0.7%)
more than the $93.9 billion House-passed bill. In addition, the Senate-reported bill
includes $4 billion of emergency agricultural disaster assistance, which does not
count against budgetary caps. The House bill has no disaster provisions.
The Senate bill provides $18.2 billion in "net" discretionary appropriations,
$391 million (+2.2%) more than the House bill, and is $1.4 billion above FY2006.
Because both bills limit certain mandatory programs, the "gross" amounts are higher.
The Senate's $18.7 billion "gross" discretionary subtotal is 1.5% more than the
House's $18.4 billion, and 0.8% above FY2006.
About $76 billion, or about 81%, of both bills is for mandatory programs
administered by USDA (e.g., Commodity Credit Corporation, crop insurance, and
most food and nutrition programs). Funding for mandatory programs would decline
nearly $7 billion from FY2006, mostly due to how crop subsidies are financed and
changing economic conditions for food stamps.
The House bill would allow prescription drug importation, and the Senate bill
would facilitate travel to Cuba for selling licensed agricultural and medical goods.
Both provisions have drawn veto threats from the White House in previous years.
Two farm commodity provisions were stripped from the House bill by points
of order for legislating in an appropriations bill. The provisions would have amended
the 2002 farm bill to extend the Milk Income Loss Contract (MILC) and a peanut
storage subsidy. The peanut storage subsidy is in the Senate-reported bill.
The Senate-reported bill would reduce rural development programs by 11%
from FY2006 (-14% in the House bill). Discretionary conservation programs would
fall by $3 million in the Senate bill and $75 million in the House bill. Both bills
reject the Administration's proposal to increase the ratio of research funds awarded
competitively. The Senate bill increases funding for animal and plant health
programs by $94 million (+12%) over FY2006, partially to address avian flu
preparedness and invasive species (the House bill has a $115 million increase).
Both bills reject an Administration proposal to terminate the Commodity
Supplemental Food Program. Moreover, the House bill would provide $25 million
of discretionary funds to expand a fresh fruit and vegetable program to school in all
states, while the Senate bill would add $9 million in discretionary funds to a $9
million mandatory pool. This report will be updated as events warrant.
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Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2007 Appropriations, report, July 6, 2006; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc805653/m1/3/: accessed April 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.