Variability in properties of Salado Mass Concrete

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Salado Mass Concrete (SMC) has been developed for use as a seal component in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. This concrete is intended to be mixed from pre-bagged materials, have an initial slump of 10 in., and remain pumpable and placeable for two hours after mixing. It is a mass concrete because it will be placed in monoliths large enough that the heat generated during cement hydration has the potential to cause thermal expansion and subsequent cracking, a phenomenon to avoid in the seal system. This report describes effects on concrete properties of changes in ratio of water to cement, ... continued below

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78 p.

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Wakeley, L. D.; Harrington, P. T. & Hansen, F. D. August 1, 1995.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Salado Mass Concrete (SMC) has been developed for use as a seal component in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. This concrete is intended to be mixed from pre-bagged materials, have an initial slump of 10 in., and remain pumpable and placeable for two hours after mixing. It is a mass concrete because it will be placed in monoliths large enough that the heat generated during cement hydration has the potential to cause thermal expansion and subsequent cracking, a phenomenon to avoid in the seal system. This report describes effects on concrete properties of changes in ratio of water to cement, batch size, and variations in characteristics of different lots of individual components of the concrete. The research demonstrates that the concrete can be prepared from laboratory-batched or pre-bagged dry materials in batches from 1.5 ft{sup 3} to 5.0 yd{sup 3}, with no chemical admixtures other than the sodium chloride added to improve bonding with the host rock, at a water-to-cement ratio ranging from 0.36 to 0.42. All batches prepared according to established procedures had adequate workability for at least 1.5 hours, and achieved or exceeded the target compressive strength of 4500 psi at 180 days after casting. Portland cement and fly ash from different lots or sources did not have a measurable effect on concrete properties, but variations in a shrinkage-compensating cement used as a component of the concrete did appear to affect workability. A low initial temperature and the water-reducing and set-retarding functions of the salt are critical to meeting target properties.

Physical Description

78 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE95016731

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  • Other Information: PBD: Aug 1995

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  • Other: DE95016731
  • Report No.: SAND--94-1495
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/95332 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 95332
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc794693

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  • August 1, 1995

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  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • June 27, 2016, 12:30 p.m.

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Wakeley, L. D.; Harrington, P. T. & Hansen, F. D. Variability in properties of Salado Mass Concrete, report, August 1, 1995; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc794693/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.