Stability of submerged slopes on the flanks of the Hawaiian Islands, a simplified approach

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Undersea transmission lines and shoreline AC-DC conversion stations and near-shore transmission lines are being considered as part of a system for transporting energy between the Hawaiian Islands. These facilities will need to be designed so that they will not be damaged or destroyed by coastal or undersea landslides. Advanced site surveys and engineering design of these facilities will require detailed site specific analyses, including sediment sampling and laboratory testing of samples, in situ testing of sediment and rock, detailed charting of bathymetry, and two- or three-dimensional numerical analyses of the factors of safety of the slopes against failure from the ... continued below

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54 p.

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Lee, H.J.; Torresan, M.E. & McArthur, W. December 31, 1994.

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Description

Undersea transmission lines and shoreline AC-DC conversion stations and near-shore transmission lines are being considered as part of a system for transporting energy between the Hawaiian Islands. These facilities will need to be designed so that they will not be damaged or destroyed by coastal or undersea landslides. Advanced site surveys and engineering design of these facilities will require detailed site specific analyses, including sediment sampling and laboratory testing of samples, in situ testing of sediment and rock, detailed charting of bathymetry, and two- or three-dimensional numerical analyses of the factors of safety of the slopes against failure from the various possible loading mechanisms. An intermediate approximate approach can be followed that involves gravity and piston cores, laboratory testing and the application of simplified models to determine a seismic angle of repose for actual sediment in the vicinity of the planned facility. An even simpler and more approximate approach involves predictions of angles of repose using classification of the sediment along a proposed route as either a coarse volcaniclastic sand, a calcareous ooze, or a muddy terrigenous sediment. The steepest slope that such a sediment can maintain is the static angle of repose. Sediment may be found on slopes as steep as these, but it must be considered metastable and liable to fail in the event of any disturbance, storm or earthquake. The seismic angle of repose likely governs most slopes on the Hawaiian Ridge. This declivity corresponds to the response of the slope to a continuing seismic environment. As a long history of earthquakes affects the slopes, they gradually flatten to this level. Slopes that exceed or roughly equal this value can be considered at risk to fail during future earthquakes. Seismic and static angles of repose for three sediment types are tabulated in this report.

Physical Description

54 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95013086

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1994

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  • Other: DE95013086
  • Report No.: USGS-OFR--94-638
  • Grant Number: AI05-93OR22089
  • DOI: 10.2172/90387 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 90387
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc794651

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1994

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Jan. 29, 2016, 4:03 p.m.

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Lee, H.J.; Torresan, M.E. & McArthur, W. Stability of submerged slopes on the flanks of the Hawaiian Islands, a simplified approach, report, December 31, 1994; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc794651/: accessed April 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.