New high-nitrogen energetic materials for gas generators in space ordnance

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High-nitrogen nitroheterocyclic energetic compounds are used as explosives, propellants, and gas generants when safe, thermally stable, cool-burning energetic materials are desired. A series of compounds are compared for sensitivity properties and calculated burn performance. Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations by NASA/Lewis rocket propellant and Blake gun propellant codes gave flame temperatures, average molecular weight, and identity of the equilibrium burn products for ambient, rocket, and gun pressure environments. These compounds were subjected to calculations both as monopropellants and as 50/50 weight ratio mixtures with ammonium nitrate (AN). Special attention was paid to calculated toxic products such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide, ... continued below

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10 p.

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Campbell, M.S.; Lee, Kien-Yin & Hiskey, M.A. August 1, 1995.

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High-nitrogen nitroheterocyclic energetic compounds are used as explosives, propellants, and gas generants when safe, thermally stable, cool-burning energetic materials are desired. A series of compounds are compared for sensitivity properties and calculated burn performance. Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations by NASA/Lewis rocket propellant and Blake gun propellant codes gave flame temperatures, average molecular weight, and identity of the equilibrium burn products for ambient, rocket, and gun pressure environments. These compounds were subjected to calculations both as monopropellants and as 50/50 weight ratio mixtures with ammonium nitrate (AN). Special attention was paid to calculated toxic products such as carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide, and how these were affected by the addition of an oxidizer AN. Several compounds were noted for further calculations of a formulation ad experimental evaluation.

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10 p.

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OSTI as DE95016821

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  • AIAA/SAE/ASME joint propulsion conference and exhibit, San Diego, CA (United States), 10-12 Jul 1995

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  • Other: DE95016821
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-2384
  • Report No.: CONF-950720--9
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 97041
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc794589

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • August 1, 1995

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  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 9:53 p.m.

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Campbell, M.S.; Lee, Kien-Yin & Hiskey, M.A. New high-nitrogen energetic materials for gas generators in space ordnance, article, August 1, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc794589/: accessed November 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.