Buoyancy-driven flow excursions in fuel assemblies. Revision 1

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A power limit criterion was developed for a postulated Loss of Pumping Accident (LOPA) in one of the recently shut down heavy water production reactors at the Savannah River Site. These reactors were cooled by recirculating heavy water moderator downward through channels in cylindrical fuel tubes. Powers were limited to safeguard against a flow excursion in one or more of these parallel channels. During full-power operation, limits safeguarded against a boiling flow excursion. At low flow rates, during the addition of emergency cooling water, buoyant forces reverse the flow in one of the coolant channels before boiling occurs. As power ... continued below

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18 p.

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Laurinat, J.E.; Paul, P.K. & Menna, J.D. July 1, 1995.

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Description

A power limit criterion was developed for a postulated Loss of Pumping Accident (LOPA) in one of the recently shut down heavy water production reactors at the Savannah River Site. These reactors were cooled by recirculating heavy water moderator downward through channels in cylindrical fuel tubes. Powers were limited to safeguard against a flow excursion in one or more of these parallel channels. During full-power operation, limits safeguarded against a boiling flow excursion. At low flow rates, during the addition of emergency cooling water, buoyant forces reverse the flow in one of the coolant channels before boiling occurs. As power increases beyond the point of flow reversal, the maximum wall temperature approaches the fluid saturation temperature, and a thermal excursion occurs. The power limit criterion for low flow rates was the onset of flow reversal. To determine conditions for flow reversal, tests were performed in a mock-up of a fuel assembly that contained two electrically heated concentric tubes surrounded by three flow channels. These tests were modeled using a finite difference thermal-hydraulic code. According to code calculations, flow reversed in the outer flow channel before the maximum wall temperature reached the local fluid saturation temperature. Thermal excursions occurred when the maximum wall temperature approximately equaled the saturation temperature. For a postulated LOPA, the flow reversal criterion for emergency cooling water addition was more limiting than the boiling excursion criterion for full power operation. This criterion limited powers to 37% of the limiting power for previous long-term reactor operations.

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18 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95015190

Source

  • 7. international topical meeting on nuclear reactor thermal-hydraulics (Nureth-7), Saratoga Springs, NY (United States), 10-15 Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE95015190
  • Report No.: WSRC-MS--94-0356-Rev.1
  • Report No.: CONF-950904--1-Rev.1
  • Grant Number: AC09-89SR18035
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 93492
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc794464

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  • July 1, 1995

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  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Feb. 9, 2016, 7:36 p.m.

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Laurinat, J.E.; Paul, P.K. & Menna, J.D. Buoyancy-driven flow excursions in fuel assemblies. Revision 1, article, July 1, 1995; Aiken, South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc794464/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.