Chemical Detection Based on Adsorption-Induced and Photo-Induced Stresses in MEMS Devices

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Recently there has been an increasing demand to perform real-time in-situ chemical detection of hazardous materials, contraband chemicals, and explosive chemicals. Currently, real-time chemical detection requires rather large analytical instrumentation that are expensive and complicated to use. The advent of inexpensive mass produced MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) devices opened-up new possibilities for chemical detection. For example, microcantilevers were found to respond to chemical stimuli by undergoing changes in their bending and resonance frequency even when a small number of molecules adsorb on their surface. In our present studies, we extended this concept by studying changes in both the adsorption-induced stress and ... continued below

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11 pages

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Datskos, P. G. April 5, 1999.

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Description

Recently there has been an increasing demand to perform real-time in-situ chemical detection of hazardous materials, contraband chemicals, and explosive chemicals. Currently, real-time chemical detection requires rather large analytical instrumentation that are expensive and complicated to use. The advent of inexpensive mass produced MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) devices opened-up new possibilities for chemical detection. For example, microcantilevers were found to respond to chemical stimuli by undergoing changes in their bending and resonance frequency even when a small number of molecules adsorb on their surface. In our present studies, we extended this concept by studying changes in both the adsorption-induced stress and photo-induced stress as target chemicals adsorb on the surface of microcantilevers. For example, microcantilevers that have adsorbed molecules will undergo photo-induced bending that depends on the number of absorbed molecules on the surface. However, microcantilevers that have undergone photo-induced bending will adsorb molecules on their surfaces in a distinctly different way. Depending on the photon wavelength and microcantilever material, the microcantilever can be made to bend by expanding or contracting the irradiated surface. This is important in cases where the photo-induced stresses can be used to counter any adsorption-induced stresses and increase the dynamic range. Coating the surface of the microstructure with a different material can provide chemical specificity for the target chemicals. However, by selecting appropriate photon wavelengths we can change the chemical selectivity due to the introduction of new surface states in the MEMS device. We will present and discuss our results on the use of adsorption-induced and photo-induced bending of microcantilevers for chemical detection.

Physical Description

11 pages

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OSTI as DE00009536

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  • SPIE 13th International Symposium on Aerosense, Orlando, FL (US), 04/05/1999--04/09/1999

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  • Report No.: ORNL/CP-102586
  • Report No.: EW 45 10 00 0
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 9536
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc793814

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  • April 5, 1999

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  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Jan. 15, 2016, 4:10 p.m.

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Datskos, P. G. Chemical Detection Based on Adsorption-Induced and Photo-Induced Stresses in MEMS Devices, article, April 5, 1999; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc793814/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.