Chemistry of spring and well waters on Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, and vicinity

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Description

Published and new data for chemical and isotopic samples from wells and springs on Kilauea Volcano and vicinity are presented. These data are used to understand processes that determine the chemistry of dilute meteoric water, mixtures with sea water, and thermal water. Data for well and spring samples of non-thermal water indicate that mixing with sea water and dissolution of rock from weathering are the major processes that determine the composition of dissolved constituents in water. Data from coastal springs demonstrate that there is a large thermal system south of the lower east rift of Kilauea. Samples of thermal water ... continued below

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166 p.

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Janik, C.J.; Nathenson, M. & Scholl, M.A. December 31, 1994.

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Description

Published and new data for chemical and isotopic samples from wells and springs on Kilauea Volcano and vicinity are presented. These data are used to understand processes that determine the chemistry of dilute meteoric water, mixtures with sea water, and thermal water. Data for well and spring samples of non-thermal water indicate that mixing with sea water and dissolution of rock from weathering are the major processes that determine the composition of dissolved constituents in water. Data from coastal springs demonstrate that there is a large thermal system south of the lower east rift of Kilauea. Samples of thermal water from shallow wells in the lower east rift and vicinity have rather variable chemistry indicating that a number of processes operate in the near surface. Water sampled from the available deep wells is different in composition from the shallow thermal water, indicating that generally there is not a significant component of deep water in the shallow wells. Data for samples from available deep wells show significant gradients in chemistry and steam content of the reservoir fluid. These gradients are interpreted to indicate that the reservoir tapped by the existing wells is an evolving vapor-dominated system.

Physical Description

166 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE95013085

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1994

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  • Other: DE95013085
  • Report No.: USGS-OFR--94-586
  • Grant Number: AI05-93OR22089
  • DOI: 10.2172/90401 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 90401
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc793799

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • December 31, 1994

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  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Jan. 4, 2016, 12:09 p.m.

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Janik, C.J.; Nathenson, M. & Scholl, M.A. Chemistry of spring and well waters on Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, and vicinity, report, December 31, 1994; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc793799/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.