Contaminant Organic Complexes: Their Structure and Energetics in Surface Decontamination Processes

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Siderophores are biological macromolecules (400-2000 Da) released by bacteria in iron limiting situations to sequester Fe from iron oxyhydroxides and silicates in the natural environment. These molecules contain hydroxamate and phenolate functional groups, and exhibit very high affinity for Fe{sup 3+}. While several studies were conducted to understand the behavior of siderophores and their application to the metal sequestration and mineral dissolution, only a few of them have examined the molecular structure of siderophores and their interactions with metals and mineral surfaces in aqueous solutions. Improved understanding of the chemical state of different functional moieties in siderophores can assist in ... continued below

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Myneni, Satish C. B. December 13, 2005.

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Siderophores are biological macromolecules (400-2000 Da) released by bacteria in iron limiting situations to sequester Fe from iron oxyhydroxides and silicates in the natural environment. These molecules contain hydroxamate and phenolate functional groups, and exhibit very high affinity for Fe{sup 3+}. While several studies were conducted to understand the behavior of siderophores and their application to the metal sequestration and mineral dissolution, only a few of them have examined the molecular structure of siderophores and their interactions with metals and mineral surfaces in aqueous solutions. Improved understanding of the chemical state of different functional moieties in siderophores can assist in the application of these biological molecules in actinide separation, sequestration and decontamination processes. The focus of our research group is to evaluate the (a) functional group chemistry of selected siderophores and their metal complexes in aqueous solutions, and (b) the nature of siderophore interactions at the mineral-water interfaces. We selected desferrioxamine B (desB), a hydroxamate siderophore, and its small structural analogue, acetohydroxamic acid (aHa), for this investigation. We examined the functional group chemistry of these molecules as a function of pH, and their complexation with aqueous and solid phase Fe(III). For solid phase Fe, we synthesized all naturally occurring Fe(III)-oxyhydroxides (goethite, lepidocrocite, akaganeite, feroxyhite) and hematite. We also synthesized Fe-oxides (goethite and hematite) of different sizes to evaluate the influence of particle size on mineral dissolution kinetics. We used a series of molecular techniques to explore the functional group chemistry of these molecules and their complexes. Infrared spectroscopy is used to specifically identify the variations in oxime group as a function of pH and Fe(III) complexation. Resonance Raman spectroscopy was used to evaluate the nature of hydroxamate binding in the case of Fe(III)-siderophore complexes and model ligands. Soft and hard X-ray spectroscopy techniques were used to examine the electronic structure of binding groups, and their local structural environment. The synchrotron X-ray studies were conducted at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory and at the Advanced Light Source (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory). These experimental vibrational and X-ray spectroscopy studies were complemented with density functional theory calculations. The highlight of this study is the evaluation of the fundamental electronic state information of the hydroxamate moiety in siderophores during deprotonation and Fe(III) complexation. The applications of soft X-ray studies are also new, and were applied, for the first time, to examine the chemistry of organic macromolecules in aqueous solutions.

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  • Report No.: DOE/ER/63283
  • Grant Number: FG07-01ER63283
  • DOI: 10.2172/861663 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 861663
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc792298

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  • December 13, 2005

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Sept. 21, 2017, 8:02 p.m.

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Myneni, Satish C. B. Contaminant Organic Complexes: Their Structure and Energetics in Surface Decontamination Processes, report, December 13, 2005; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc792298/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.