Evaluated cross-section libraries and kerma factors for neutrons up to 100 MeV on {sup 12}C

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A program is being carried out at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop high-energy evaluated nuclear data libraries for use in Monte Carlo simulations of cancer radiation therapy. In this report we describe evaluated cross sections and kerma factors for neutrons with incident energies up to 100 MeV on {sup 12}C. The aim of this effort is to incorporate advanced nuclear physics modeling methods, with new experimental measurements, to generate cross section libraries needed for an accurate simulation of dose deposition in fast neutron therapy. The evaluated libraries are based mainly on nuclear model calculations, benchmarked to experimental measurements where ... continued below

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91 p.

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Chadwick, M.B.; Blann, M.; Cox, L.; Young, P.G. & Meigooni, A. April 11, 1995.

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Description

A program is being carried out at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop high-energy evaluated nuclear data libraries for use in Monte Carlo simulations of cancer radiation therapy. In this report we describe evaluated cross sections and kerma factors for neutrons with incident energies up to 100 MeV on {sup 12}C. The aim of this effort is to incorporate advanced nuclear physics modeling methods, with new experimental measurements, to generate cross section libraries needed for an accurate simulation of dose deposition in fast neutron therapy. The evaluated libraries are based mainly on nuclear model calculations, benchmarked to experimental measurements where they exist. We use the GNASH code system, which includes Hauser-Feshbach, preequilibrium, and direct reaction mechanisms. The libraries tabulate elastic and nonelastic cross sections, angle-energy correlated production spectra for light ejectiles with A{le}and kinetic energies given to light ejectiles and heavy recoil fragments. The major steps involved in this effort are: (1) development and validation of nuclear models for incident energies up to 100 MeV; (2) collation of experimental measurements, including new results from Louvain-la-Nueve and Los Alamos; (3) extension of the Livermore ENDL formats for representing high-energy data; (4) calculation and evaluation of nuclear data; and (5) validation of the libraries. We describe the evaluations in detail, with particular emphasis on our new high-energy modeling developments. Our evaluations agree well with experimental measurements of integrated and differential cross sections. We compare our results with the recent ENDF/B-VI evaluation which extends up to 32 MeV.

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91 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95016615

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  • Other Information: PBD: 11 Apr 1995

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  • Other: DE95016615
  • Report No.: UCRL-ID--120829
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/97145 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 97145
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc792092

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  • April 11, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Feb. 18, 2016, 3:27 p.m.

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Chadwick, M.B.; Blann, M.; Cox, L.; Young, P.G. & Meigooni, A. Evaluated cross-section libraries and kerma factors for neutrons up to 100 MeV on {sup 12}C, report, April 11, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc792092/: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.