Detection of Infrared Photons Using the Electronic Stress in Metal-Semiconductor Interfaces

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It is well known that the work function of metals decreases when they are placed in a nonpolar liquid. A similar decrease occurs when the metal is placed into contact with a semiconductor forming a Schottky barrier. We report on a new method for detecting photons using the stress caused by photo-electrons emitted from a metal film surface in contact with a semiconductor microstructure. The photoelectrons diffuse into the microstructure and produce an electronic stress. The photon detection results from the measurement of the photo-induced bending of the microstructure. Internal photoemission has been used in the past to detect photons, ... continued below

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10 pages

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Datskos, P.G.; Datskou, I.; Egert, C.M. & Rjic, S. April 5, 1999.

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It is well known that the work function of metals decreases when they are placed in a nonpolar liquid. A similar decrease occurs when the metal is placed into contact with a semiconductor forming a Schottky barrier. We report on a new method for detecting photons using the stress caused by photo-electrons emitted from a metal film surface in contact with a semiconductor microstructure. The photoelectrons diffuse into the microstructure and produce an electronic stress. The photon detection results from the measurement of the photo-induced bending of the microstructure. Internal photoemission has been used in the past to detect photons, however, in those cases the detection was accomplished by measuring the current due to photoelectrons and not due to electronic stress. Small changes in position (displacement) of microstructures are routinely measured in atomic force microscopy (AFM) where atomic imaging of surfaces relies on the measurement of small changes (< l0{sup -9} m) in the bending of microcantilevers. In the present work we studied the photon response of Si microcantilevers coated with a thin film of Pt. The Si microcantilevers were 500 nm thick and had a 30 nm layer of Pt. Photons with sufficient energies produce electrons from the platinum-silicon interface which diffuse into the Si and produce an electronic stress. Since the excess charge carriers cause the Si microcantilever to contract in length but not the Pt layer, the bimaterial microcantilever bends. In our present studies we used the optical detection technique to measure the photometric response of Pt-Si microcantilevers as a function of photon energy. The charge carriers responsible for the photo-induced stress in Si, were produced via internal photoemission using a diode laser with wavelength {lambda} = 1550 nm.

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10 pages

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OSTI as DE00009535

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  • SPIE 13th Annual International Symposium on Arosense, Orlando, FL (US), 04/05/1999--04/09/1999

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  • Report No.: ORNL/CP-102573
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 9535
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc791865

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  • April 5, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 19, 2015, 7:14 p.m.

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  • Jan. 19, 2016, 12:40 p.m.

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Datskos, P.G.; Datskou, I.; Egert, C.M. & Rjic, S. Detection of Infrared Photons Using the Electronic Stress in Metal-Semiconductor Interfaces, article, April 5, 1999; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc791865/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.