MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES

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The main objectives of this project are to quantify the changes in fracture porosity and multiphase transport properties as a function of confining stress. These changes will be integrated into conceptual and numerical models that will improve our ability to predict and optimize fluid transport in fractured system. This report details our progress on: (a) developing the direct experimental measurements of fracture aperture and topology and fluid occupancy using high-resolution x-ray micro-tomography, (b) quantifying the effect of confining stress on the distribution of fracture aperture, and (c) characterization of shear fractures and their impact on multi-phase flow. The three-dimensional surface ... continued below

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86 pages

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Grader, A.S.; Elsworth, D.; Halleck, P.M.; Alvarado, F.; Alajmi, A.; Karpyn, Z. et al. June 15, 2005.

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  • Pennsylvania State University
    Publisher Info: Pennsylvania State University (United States)
    Place of Publication: [University Park, Pennsylvania]

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Description

The main objectives of this project are to quantify the changes in fracture porosity and multiphase transport properties as a function of confining stress. These changes will be integrated into conceptual and numerical models that will improve our ability to predict and optimize fluid transport in fractured system. This report details our progress on: (a) developing the direct experimental measurements of fracture aperture and topology and fluid occupancy using high-resolution x-ray micro-tomography, (b) quantifying the effect of confining stress on the distribution of fracture aperture, and (c) characterization of shear fractures and their impact on multi-phase flow. The three-dimensional surface that describes the large-scale structure of the fracture in the porous medium can be determined using x-ray micro-tomography with significant accuracy. Several fractures have been scanned and the fracture aperture maps have been extracted. The success of the mapping of fracture aperture was followed by measuring the occupancy of the fracture by two immiscible phases, water and decane, and water and kerosene. The distribution of fracture aperture depends on the effective confining stress on the nature of the rock and the type and distribution of the asperities that keep the fracture open. Fracture apertures at different confining stresses were obtained by micro-tomography covering a range of about two thousand psig. Initial analysis of the data shows a significant aperture closure with increase in effective confining stress. Visual descriptions of the process are shown in the report while detailed analysis of the behavior of the distribution of fracture aperture is in progress. Both extensional and shear fractures are being considered. The initial multi-phase flow tests were done in extensional fractures. Several rock samples with induced shear fracture are being studies, and some of the new results are presented in this report. These samples are being scanned in order to quantify the distribution of apertures and the nature of the asperities. Low resolution images of fluids in a sample with a shear fracture were performed and they provide the confidence that flow patterns and saturations could be determined in the future. A series of water imbibition tests were conducted in which water was injected into a fracture and its migration into the matrix was monitored with CT and DR x-ray techniques. The objective is to understand the impact of the fracture, its topology and occupancy on the nature of mass transfer between the matrix and the fracture. Counter-current imbibition next to the fracture was observed and quantified, including the influence of formation layering.

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86 pages

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OSTI as DE00841612

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  • Other Information: PBD: 15 Jun 2005

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FC26-01BC15355
  • DOI: 10.2172/841612 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 841612
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc789111

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Creation Date

  • June 15, 2005

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Feb. 20, 2017, 1:28 p.m.

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Grader, A.S.; Elsworth, D.; Halleck, P.M.; Alvarado, F.; Alajmi, A.; Karpyn, Z. et al. MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES, report, June 15, 2005; [University Park, Pennsylvania]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc789111/: accessed September 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.