A Multilayered Box Model for Calculating Preliminary RemediationGoals in Soil Screening

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In the process of screening a soil against a certain contaminant, we define the health-risk based preliminary remediation goal (PRG) as the contaminant concentration above which some remedial action may be required. PRG is thus the first standard (or guidance) for judging a site. An over-estimated PRG (a too-large value) may cause us to miss some contaminated sites that can threaten human health and the environment. An under-estimated PRG (a too-small value), on the other hand, may lead to unnecessary cleanup and waste tremendous resources. The PRGs for soils are often calculated on the assumption that the contaminant concentration in ... continued below

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Shan, Chao & Javandel, Iraj May 21, 2004.

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Description

In the process of screening a soil against a certain contaminant, we define the health-risk based preliminary remediation goal (PRG) as the contaminant concentration above which some remedial action may be required. PRG is thus the first standard (or guidance) for judging a site. An over-estimated PRG (a too-large value) may cause us to miss some contaminated sites that can threaten human health and the environment. An under-estimated PRG (a too-small value), on the other hand, may lead to unnecessary cleanup and waste tremendous resources. The PRGs for soils are often calculated on the assumption that the contaminant concentration in soil does not change with time. However, that concentration usually decreases with time as a result of different chemical and transport mechanisms. The static assumption thus exaggerates the long-term exposure dose and results in a too-small PRG. We present a box model that considers all important transport processes and obeys the law of mass conservation. We can use the model as a tool to estimate the transient contaminant concentrations in air, soil and groundwater. Using these concentrations in conjunction with appropriate health risk parameters, we may estimate the PRGs for different contaminants. As an example, we calculated the tritium PRG for residential soils. The result is quite different from, but within the range of, the two versions of the corresponding PRG previously recommended by the U.S. EPA.

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  • Journal Name: Risk Analysis; Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 04/2005

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  • Report No.: LBNL--55492
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 860741
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc788723

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  • May 21, 2004

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • April 1, 2016, 8:17 p.m.

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Shan, Chao & Javandel, Iraj. A Multilayered Box Model for Calculating Preliminary RemediationGoals in Soil Screening, article, May 21, 2004; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc788723/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.