Prediction of Coupled Thermal, Hydrological and Chemical Processes at the Proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository: An Integrated Approach

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An integrated modeling approach was developed to investigate long-term coupled thermal, hydrological, and chemical (THC) processes that could take place around nuclear waste emplacement tunnels (drifts). The approach involves the development of process models, followed by numerical implementation and validation against field and laboratory experiments before conducting long-term predictive simulations. An outcome of this work was the refinement and validation of an existing reactive transport numerical code for applications specific to the geologic storage of nuclear waste. The model was applied to the case of the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to evaluate the chemistry of ... continued below

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4 pages

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Spycher, N.; Sonnenthal, E.; Kneafsey, T. & Dobson, P. October 17, 2003.

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Description

An integrated modeling approach was developed to investigate long-term coupled thermal, hydrological, and chemical (THC) processes that could take place around nuclear waste emplacement tunnels (drifts). The approach involves the development of process models, followed by numerical implementation and validation against field and laboratory experiments before conducting long-term predictive simulations. An outcome of this work was the refinement and validation of an existing reactive transport numerical code for applications specific to the geologic storage of nuclear waste. The model was applied to the case of the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to evaluate the chemistry of waters potentially seeping into drifts and the effect of water-rock interaction on long-term hydrological behavior around the repository. At liquid saturations significantly larger than residual, no extreme pH or salinity values were predicted. Mineral precipitation around drifts consists mainly of silica with minor calcite, trace zeolites and clays. The effect of mineral precipitation on flow depends largely on initial fracture porosity, and results in negligible to significant diversion of percolation around the drift. Further analyses of model uncertainty are under way to improve confidence in model results.

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4 pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00837521

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  • Other Information: PBD: 17 Oct 2003

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  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: NONE
  • DOI: 10.2172/837521 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 837521
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc788212

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 17, 2003

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Feb. 11, 2016, 1:02 p.m.

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Spycher, N.; Sonnenthal, E.; Kneafsey, T. & Dobson, P. Prediction of Coupled Thermal, Hydrological and Chemical Processes at the Proposed Yucca Mountain Nuclear Waste Repository: An Integrated Approach, report, October 17, 2003; Las Vegas, Nevada. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc788212/: accessed June 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.