Final Report for 'ParSEC-Parallel Simulation of Electron Cooling"

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The Department of Energy has plans, during the next two or three years, to design an electron cooling section for the collider ring at RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) [1]. Located at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), RHIC is the premier nuclear physics facility. The new cooling section would be part of a proposed luminosity upgrade [2] for RHIC. This electron cooling section will be different from previous electron cooling facilities in three fundamental ways. First, the electron energy will be 50 MeV, as opposed to 100's of keV (or 4 MeV for the electron cooling system now operating at Fermilab ... continued below

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Bruhwiler, David L September 16, 2005.

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The Department of Energy has plans, during the next two or three years, to design an electron cooling section for the collider ring at RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) [1]. Located at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), RHIC is the premier nuclear physics facility. The new cooling section would be part of a proposed luminosity upgrade [2] for RHIC. This electron cooling section will be different from previous electron cooling facilities in three fundamental ways. First, the electron energy will be 50 MeV, as opposed to 100's of keV (or 4 MeV for the electron cooling system now operating at Fermilab [3]). Second, both the electron beam and the ion beam will be bunched, rather than being essentially continuous. Third, the cooling will take place in a collider rather than in a storage ring. Analytical work, in combination with the use and further development of the semi-analytical codes BETACOOL [4,5] and SimCool [6,7] are being pursued at BNL [8] and at other laboratories around the world. However, there is a growing consensus in the field that high-fidelity 3-D particle simulations are required to fully understand the critical cooling physics issues in this new regime. Simulations of the friction coefficient, using the VORPAL code [9], for single gold ions passing once through the interaction region, have been compared with theoretical calculations [10,11], and the results have been presented in conference proceedings papers [8,12,13,14] and presentations [15,16,17]. Charged particles are advanced using a fourth-order Hermite predictor corrector algorithm [18]. The fields in the beam frame are obtained from direct calculation of Coulomb's law, which is more efficient than multipole-type algorithms for less than {approx} 10{sup 6} particles. Because the interaction time is so short, it is necessary to suppress the diffusive aspect of the ion dynamics through the careful use of positrons in the simulations, and to run 100's of simulations with the same physical parameters but with different ''seeds'' for the particle loading. VORPAL can now be used to simulate other electron cooling facilities around the world, and it is also suitable for other accelerator modeling applications of direct interest to the Department of Energy. For example: (a) the Boersch effect in transport of strongly-magnetized electron beams for electron cooling sections, (b) the intrabeam scattering (IBS) effect in heavy ion accelerators, (c) the formation of crystalline beams and (d) target physics for heavy-ion fusion (HIF).

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  • Report No.: Final Report for 'ParSEC-Parallel Simulation of Electron Cooling
  • Grant Number: FG03-01ER83313
  • DOI: 10.2172/850178 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 850178
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc788059

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  • September 16, 2005

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Aug. 3, 2016, 3:28 p.m.

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Bruhwiler, David L. Final Report for 'ParSEC-Parallel Simulation of Electron Cooling", report, September 16, 2005; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc788059/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.