Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants Metadata

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  • Main Title Advanced Hydrogen Transport Membranes for Vision 21 Fossil Fuel Plants


  • Author: Roark, Shane E.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Sammells, Anthony F.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Mackay, Richard
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Morrison, Scott R.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Rolfe, Sara L.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Balachandran, U.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Kleiner, Richard N.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Stephen, James E.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Anderson, Frank E.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Ratnasamy, Shandra
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Wagner, Jon P.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Brereton, Clive
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: Eltron Research, Inc.
    Place of Publication: United States


  • Creation: 2004-01-30


  • English


  • Content Description: The objective of this project is to develop an environmentally benign, inexpensive, and efficient method for separating hydrogen from gas mixtures produced during industrial processes, such as coal gasification. Currently, this project is focusing on four basic categories of dense membranes: (1) mixed conducting ceramic/ceramic composites, (2) mixed conducting ceramic/metal (cermet) composites, (3) cermets with hydrogen permeable metals, and (4) layered composites with hydrogen permeable alloys. The primary technical challenge in achieving the goals of this project will be to optimize membrane composition to enable practical hydrogen separation rates and chemical stability. Other key aspects of this developing technology include catalysis, ceramic processing methods, and separation unit design operating under high pressure. To achieve these technical goals, Eltron Research Inc. has organized a consortium consisting of CoorsTek, Sued Chemie, Inc. (SCI), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), and NORAM. Hydrogen permeation rates in excess of 50 mL {center_dot} min{sup -1} {center_dot} cm{sup 2} at {approx}440 C were routinely achieved under less than optimal experimental conditions using a range of membrane compositions. Factors that limit the maximum permeation attainable were determined to be mass transport resistance of H{sub 2} to and from the membrane surface, as well as surface contamination. Mass transport resistance was partially overcome by increasing the feed and sweep gas flow rates to greater than five liters per minute. Under these experimental conditions, H2 permeation rates in excess of 350 mL {center_dot} min{sup -1} {center_dot} cm{sup 2} at {approx}440 C were attained. These results are presented in this report, in addition to progress with cermets, thin film fabrication, catalyst development, and H{sub 2} separation unit scale up.
  • Physical Description: 16 pages


  • STI Subject Categories: 08 Hydrogen
  • Keyword: Coal Gasification
  • Keyword: Alloys
  • Keyword: Membranes
  • STI Subject Categories: 01 Coal, Lignite, And Peat
  • Keyword: Processing
  • Keyword: Catalysts
  • Keyword: Hydrogen
  • Keyword: Surface Contamination
  • STI Subject Categories: 29 Energy Planning, Policy And Economy
  • Keyword: Mixtures
  • Keyword: Focusing
  • Keyword: Gas Flow
  • Keyword: Catalysis
  • Keyword: Fabrication
  • Keyword: Thin Films
  • Keyword: Fossil Fuels
  • Keyword: Ceramics
  • Keyword: Cermets


  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Jan 2004


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • Report No.: NONE
  • Grant Number: FC26-00NT40762
  • DOI: 10.2172/822138
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 822138
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc788024


  • Display Note: OSTI as DE00822138