Colloid-Facilitated Transport of Radionuclides through the Vadose Zone

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Description

This project seeks to improve the basic understanding of the role of colloids in facilitating the transport of contaminants in the vadose zone. We focus on three major thrusts: (1) thermodynamic stability and mobility of colloids formed by reactions of sediments with highly alkaline tank waste solutions, (2) colloid-contaminant interactions, and (3) in situ colloid mobilization and colloid-facilitated contaminant transport occurring in both contaminated and uncontaminated Hanford sediments. The specific objectives that will be addressed are: (1) Determine the liability and thermodynamic stability of colloidal materials, which form after reacting Hanford sediments with simulated Hanford Tank Waste. (2) Determine the ... continued below

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3 pages

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Flury, Markus; Harsh, James B.; Zachara, John M. & Lichtner, Peter C. June 13, 2002.

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Description

This project seeks to improve the basic understanding of the role of colloids in facilitating the transport of contaminants in the vadose zone. We focus on three major thrusts: (1) thermodynamic stability and mobility of colloids formed by reactions of sediments with highly alkaline tank waste solutions, (2) colloid-contaminant interactions, and (3) in situ colloid mobilization and colloid-facilitated contaminant transport occurring in both contaminated and uncontaminated Hanford sediments. The specific objectives that will be addressed are: (1) Determine the liability and thermodynamic stability of colloidal materials, which form after reacting Hanford sediments with simulated Hanford Tank Waste. (2) Determine the potential of Hanford sediments for in situ mobilization of colloids for different types of sediments and different leaching scenarios. (3) Characterize the interactions between initially-formed colloids, their dissolution/alteration products, and native colloidal particles with contaminants in batch experiments under various ionic strength and pH conditions. (4) Evaluate colloid-facilitated radionuclide transport through sediments under different degrees of water saturation in packed and undisturbed sediment columns. (5) Implement colloid-facilitated contaminant transport mechanisms and thermodynamic stability constants into a reactive chemical transport model, and verify model simulations with experimental transport data. Results of this project will help to understand the fundamental mechanisms of Cs transport under the leaking Hanford tanks, and thus contribute to the long-term clean-up strategies at the Hanford site.

Physical Description

3 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 13 Jun 2002

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  • Report No.: EMSP-86814--2003A
  • Grant Number: FG07-02ER62882
  • Grant Number: FG07-02ER63496
  • DOI: 10.2172/836447 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 836447
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc786711

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  • June 13, 2002

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 1:06 p.m.

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Flury, Markus; Harsh, James B.; Zachara, John M. & Lichtner, Peter C. Colloid-Facilitated Transport of Radionuclides through the Vadose Zone, report, June 13, 2002; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc786711/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.