Retention/Diffusivity Studies in Free-Surface Flowing Liquid Lithium

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FLIRE was designed to measure the hydrogen and helium retention and diffusivity in a flowing stream of liquid lithium, and it has accomplished these goals. Retention coefficients for helium in the flowing liquid stream were 0.1-2% for flow speeds of 44 cm/s and implantation energies between 500 and 2000 eV. The energy dependence of retention is linear for the energy range considered, as expected, and the dependence of retention on flow velocity fits the expected square-root of flow speed dependence. Estimates of the helium diffusion coefficient in the flowing lithium stream were {approx} 4 x 10{sup -7} cm{sup 2}/s, and ... continued below

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Stubbers, R.A.; Miley, G.H.; Nieto, M.; Olczak, W.; Ruzic, D.N. & Hassanein, A. December 14, 2004.

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Description

FLIRE was designed to measure the hydrogen and helium retention and diffusivity in a flowing stream of liquid lithium, and it has accomplished these goals. Retention coefficients for helium in the flowing liquid stream were 0.1-2% for flow speeds of 44 cm/s and implantation energies between 500 and 2000 eV. The energy dependence of retention is linear for the energy range considered, as expected, and the dependence of retention on flow velocity fits the expected square-root of flow speed dependence. Estimates of the helium diffusion coefficient in the flowing lithium stream were {approx} 4 x 10{sup -7} cm{sup 2}/s, and are independent of implantation energy. This value is much lower than expected, which could be due to several factors, such as mixing, bubble formation or surface film formation. In the case of hydrogen, long term retention and release mechanisms are of greatest importance, since this relates to tritium inventory in flowing lithium PFCs for fusion applications. The amount of hydride formation was measured for flowing lithium exposed to neutral deuterium gas. Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS) measurements indicate that the hydride concentration was between 0.1 and 0.2% over a wide range of pressures (6.5 x 10{sup -5} to 1 Torr). This result implies that the deuterium absorption rate is limited by the surface dissociation rate, since deuterium (hydrogen/tritium) is absorbed in its atomic form, not its molecular form.

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  • Report No.: DOE/ER/01ER86134-4
  • Grant Number: FG02-01ER86134
  • DOI: 10.2172/835088 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 835088
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc786538

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  • December 14, 2004

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • Aug. 5, 2016, 6:32 p.m.

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Stubbers, R.A.; Miley, G.H.; Nieto, M.; Olczak, W.; Ruzic, D.N. & Hassanein, A. Retention/Diffusivity Studies in Free-Surface Flowing Liquid Lithium, report, December 14, 2004; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc786538/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.