Anode Fall Formation in a Hall Thruster

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As was reported in our previous work, accurate, nondisturbing near-anode measurements of the plasma density, electron temperature, and plasma potential performed with biased and emissive probes allowed the first experimental identification of both electron-repelling (negative anode fall) and electron-attracting (positive anode fall) anode sheaths in Hall thrusters. An interesting new phenomenon revealed by the probe measurements is that the anode fall changes from positive to negative upon removal of the dielectric coating, which appears on the anode surface during the course of Hall thruster operation. As reported in the present work, energy dispersion spectroscopy analysis of the chemical composition of ... continued below

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1.4 MB pages

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Dorf, Leonid A.; Raitses, Yevgeny F.; Smirnov, Artem N. & Fisch, Nathaniel J. June 29, 2004.

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Description

As was reported in our previous work, accurate, nondisturbing near-anode measurements of the plasma density, electron temperature, and plasma potential performed with biased and emissive probes allowed the first experimental identification of both electron-repelling (negative anode fall) and electron-attracting (positive anode fall) anode sheaths in Hall thrusters. An interesting new phenomenon revealed by the probe measurements is that the anode fall changes from positive to negative upon removal of the dielectric coating, which appears on the anode surface during the course of Hall thruster operation. As reported in the present work, energy dispersion spectroscopy analysis of the chemical composition of the anode dielectric coating indicates that the coating layer consists essentially of an oxide of the anode material (stainless steel). However, it is still unclear how oxygen gets into the thruster channel. Most importantly, possible mechanisms of anode fall formation in a Hall thruster with a clean and a coated anodes are analyzed in this work; practical implication of understanding the general structure of the electron-attracting anode sheath in the case of a coated anode is also discussed.

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1.4 MB pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE00828266

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  • Other Information: PBD: 29 Jun 2004

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  • Report No.: PPPL-3975
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH03073
  • DOI: 10.2172/828266 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 828266
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc786231

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  • June 29, 2004

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  • Dec. 3, 2015, 9:30 a.m.

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  • June 10, 2016, 5:51 p.m.

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Dorf, Leonid A.; Raitses, Yevgeny F.; Smirnov, Artem N. & Fisch, Nathaniel J. Anode Fall Formation in a Hall Thruster, report, June 29, 2004; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc786231/: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.